Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)
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- ItemPerennial crop farming and food security in Kigezi: a case study of Kigezi highland tea(Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022-12) Julius, ChamaThis study critically examines the contribution of tea growing in Kigezi region and how it affects the growth of other crops that are meant for food consumption. It underscores the performance of tea as a cash crop and as a means of generating foreign exchange for the country as well as a source of employment. This study establishes that the tea sector has not in any way affected food security in the region of Kigezi and has instead improved household incomes, been a source of employment and boosted revenue for households. The sector has however registered some challenges like limited faith among the out growers who prefer their own traditional crops. There have also been challenges of lack of coordination from stake-holders like NEMA, the district local governments and government ministries, departments and agencies. The study recommends to government that policy makers design a comprehensive tea policy that streamlines conflicting agencies and also learn best practices from neighboring countries like Kenya where the sector has performed immensely well. Farmers also need constant sensitization on the benefits of the cash crop.
- ItemHuman Resource Management Practices and Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises (S.M.Es) in Uganda: A case of Ntungamo Municipality.(Kabale University, 2021) Atyanga, PatrickThe study examined how human resource management practices influenced the performance of SMEs in Ntungamo Municipality among service and manufacturing industries. Specifically, the study examined the influence of employee resourcing on the performance of small scale enterprises, explored the influence of employee rewards management practices on the performance of small scale enterprises, and established the influence of employee training practices on performance of small scale enterprises. The study utilized a cross-sectional survey design based on questionnaires and interviews, and a mixed methods research approach. A sample of 169 was selected from 300 employees using simple random and purposive sampling techniques. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistical techniques of mean and standard deviations. Regression analysis was used to establish the influence of human resource practices on performance of SMEs. The results showed that human resource practices significantly influence about 50% of the variations in performance of SMEs in Ntungamo district. Specifically, employee resourcing significantly influences 38.0%, reward management significantly influences about 19.7% while employee training significantly influences about 25.5% of the variation in performance of SMEs in Ntungamo district. Conclusively, human resource management practices have a significantly influence performance of SMEs. The significant findings make the applications of RBV Paradigm RBV, Attraction Selection theories to solving performance challenges of small scale businesses from a human resource management perspective. In recommendation, small scale businesses with few employees should set up human resource departments to handle human resources. Small scale owners extend their marketing channels to online to match the business competition and development. In future, a study on the influence of human resource management practices on performance business organizations, comparing small and large scale enterprises in Ntungamo district is still necessary. Human Resource Management, Practices, Performance, Small & Medium Enterprises, S.M.Es, Ntungamo Municipality, Uganda.
- ItemWomen Development Through Women Cooperatives In Kicukiro District Of Kigali City(Kabale University, 2013) Firmin, MurayireThe purpose of this research was to investigate women's participation in development through cooperatives and how cooperatives can be made more effective as instruments to empower women in development in Rwanda, taking Kicukiro District of Kigali City as a case study. It was carried out with the following study objectives in mind: to investigate women's contributions to development through cooperatives, to identify the challenges that women face in development through cooperatives, and to devise strategies for overcoming setbacks that women face in Kicukiro District of Kigali City development through cooperatives in Kigali City. Data was collected using a questionnaires, face-to-face interviews, and focus group discussions, and they were guided by the questionnaire, which was distributed to be filled out by 100 respondents, who constituted the sample size of this study. Existing literature on cooperative enterprises was reviewed, and the information generated contributed to a better understanding of the cooperative movement and its contributions to the socioeconomic welfare of its members. The study showed that cooperatives have helped women contribute greatly to development, although, as members of the cooperative, they were facing a multiplicity of challenges. These challenges were tested with a variety of strategies ranging from social to economic measures. There is a need for government support in order to exploit the full potential of the cooperative movement and attain women's development through i
- ItemTechnical and Vocational Education and Training as Factors in the Socio-Economic Development of Rwanda A Case Study of Bushoki Sector, Rulindo District(Kabale University, 2014) Albertine, Bamutake ZikamaSocio-economic development gaps are a constraint to development in Rwanda. Technical and vocational education and training (TVET) has been advanced as a solution to this constraint in government policies and programs. This research assessed the TVET strategy of the government as a factor in the socioeconomic development of Rwanda, taking the Bushoki Sector of Rulindo District as a case study. Specific objectives were to identify skills gained from TVET by its beneficiaries, establish the relationship between TVET and new enterprise development and job creation, thereby improving employment opportunities for its graduates and other job seekers, analyze the contribution of TVET to the satisfaction of basic needs and promotion of developmental activities generally, and recommend ways of improving TVET's effectiveness for the sustainable socio-economic development of the Bushoki sector in Rwanda. The study adopted a mixed approach, i.e., quantitative and qualitative methodology, to data collection and analysis, including the use of a questionnaire, interviews, and document reviews to collect data. The sample composition was 79 percent men and 21 percent women. The dominant skills generally believed to have been gained from the training program are: hair cutting and dressing (18 percent of respondents), tailoring (18 percent of respondents), handcrafts (14 percent of respondents), and driving (10 percent of respondents). Most of those graduates from TVET have gained jobs from others (48 percent of respondents), while others are self-employed (41 percent of respondents). The incomes of TVET graduates contribute to the provision of food (78 percent of respondents), health insurance (67 percent of respondents), social events (58 percent of respondents), buying clothes (52 percent of respondents), education (45 percent of respondents), building houses (25 percent of respondents), and savings (22 percent of respondents). Among the challenges of TVET, the study found the major ones to be limited access to credits, a skills gap, inadequate infrastructure, insufficient raw materials, and an uninformed population. Among the recommendations made in the study are the need to support the facilitation of credits, TVET cooperatives, and TVET training centers in rural areas. Rwanda will achieve long-term socioeconomic development goals with effective TVET interventions.
- ItemOperation Wealth Creation and Poverty Reduction in Kabale District: A Case Study of Rubaya Sub-County(Kabale University, 2022) Katusiime, MarionThis research investigated the overall contribution of Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) towards the reduction of Poverty in Rubaya Sub-County, Kabale District. The specific objectives of the research were: to examine different activities implemented under Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) in the poverty reduction; to assess the contribution of Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) towards poverty reduction; and to determine the challenges affecting the implementing of Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) towards the reduction of poverty in Rubaya Sub-County, Kabale District. Classical and neoclassical theories formed the basis for theoretical review as well building and formulation of the conceptual framework. The study employed a across sectional research design, involving quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis methods to answer the research questions. Eighty two (82) questionna ires were administered randomly to selected farmer beneficiaries of Operation Wealth Creation (OWC), five (5) key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were conducted with purposively selected Kabale District Officials and Rubaya Sub County Officials; four Focus Gro up Discussions were carried out involving selected Farmer Group Members in Rubaya Sub County.The finding of the research indicated that there is no significant relationship between Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) and poverty reduction in Rubaya Sub-County. . Operation Wealth Creation (OWC) faced a number of challenges such as poor coordination among stakeholders at both National and District levels across the agricultural sector, low quantity and quality inputs, huge losses due to no or limited extension services, lack of supervision and monitoring of OWC activities, corruption and the elite capture, among others.