Kabale University Digital Repository (KAB-DR)

KAB-DR preserves research output from the Kabale University community


Communities in KAB-DR

Select a community to browse its collections.

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • The collections in this Community are comprised of Indigenous Knowledge emanating from communities in the neighborhoods of Kabale University. These are communities in the great Kigezi Region.
  • This community holds students (Graduates) dissertation and Thesis, Staff field reports, Students (undergraduate) study reports
  • The community includes research article publications in journals both local and international, conference papers in proceedings and reports, abstracts and reviews by Kabale University Staff and Students
  • This community archives publications by individual University Staff and Students, Faculty and Departmental Publications (i.e. University Journal, Newsletters, University official publications etc.), groups and Association operating in the University (i.e. Convocation and Staff and Students Association}

Recent Submissions

ItemOpen Access
COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among health workers in rural Uganda: A mixed methods study
(www.elsevier.com/locate/jvacx, 2023-07-07) Ouni, Patrick Diox; Namulondo, Racheal; Wanume, Benon; Okia, David; Olupot, Peter; Nantale, Ritah; Matovu, Joseph K.B.; Napyo, Agnes; Lubaale, Yovani A. Moses; Nshakira , Nathan f; Mukunya, David
Background: COVID-19 vaccination is the latest preventive intervention strategy in an attempt to control the global pandemic. Its efficacy has come under scrutiny because of break through infections among the vaccinated and need for booster doses. Besides, although health workers were prioritized for COVID-19 vaccine in most countries, anecdotal evidence points to high levels of reluctance to take the vaccine among health workers. We assessed COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among health workers in Dokolo dis trict, northern Uganda. Methods: This was a mixed-method, cross-sectional descriptive study. A customised self-administered data collection tool was used to collect quantitative data on characteristics, vaccination status and factors for or rejection of vaccine uptake. We conducted multivariable logistic regression to assess the associa tion between selected exposures and vaccine hesitancy using Stata version 15. Conversely, qualitative data were collected using key informant interviews (KIIs) among 15 participants that were purposively selected. Data were analysed using thematic content analysis with the help of NVivo 12.0. Results: Of the 346 health workers enrolled, (13.3% [46/346]) were vaccine hesitant. Factors associated with vaccine hesitancy included fear of side effects (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR]: 2.55; 95% Confidence Interval [95%CI]: 1.00, 6.49) and health workers’ lack of trust in the information provided by health authorities (AOR: 6.74; 95% CI: 2.43, 18.72). Similar factors were associated with vaccine hesitancy when we used the vaccine hesitancy score. Fear of side effects, distrust in vaccine stakeholders, and lack of trust in the vaccine were barriers to COVID-19 vaccination among health workers. Conclusion: A small proportion of health workers were found to be hesitant to take the COVID-19 vaccine in this study. The paucity of COVID-19 vaccine safety information, which eroded the health workers’ trust in the information they received on the vaccine, was responsible for health workers hesitancy to take up the vaccine in Uganda
ItemOpen Access
Influence of Poverty on Female Youth Prostitution in Uganda: The Experiences of Young Women Residing in Kigongi Ward, Kabale Municipality.
(Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 2023-10-24) Mbabazi, Ruth; Adebayo, Sanni T
Background: The study aimed to investigate the influence of poverty on female youth prostitution in Kigongi Ward, Kabale Municipality. The study was guided by specific objectives, which include the influence of poverty on female youth prostitution, the experiences and perspectives of the female youth involved in prostitution, and the degree to which poverty influences prostitution among female youths in Kigongi Ward, Kabale Municipality. Methodology: This study adopted a case study research design utilizing both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Using simple random and purposive sampling techniques, a total of 100 respondents were used in the study. Results: It was found that a majority of 30% of the respondents reported that a woman might live a simple life or earn a lot of money as a prostitute, while 20% of the respondents mentioned parental neglect and youth laziness as the factors that push female youth into prostitution. Also, (30%) of respondents mentioned that prostitution affects a community's reputation, standard of living, and property. On the degree to which poverty influences prostitution among female youths, the majority of the respondents (45%) said that poverty causes female youth prostitution in Kigongi Ward. Conclusion: It was concluded that poverty contributes majorly to female youth prostitution in the Kigongi ward of Kabale Municipality. And there is no supportive empowerment policy that can alleviate poverty. Recommendation:People from developing nations must be given legal chances to migrate, with consideration for the economic interests of both the receiving nation and the immigrants themselves.
ItemOpen Access
African animal trypanocide resistance: A systematic review and meta-analysis
(2024-02) Keneth, Iceland Kasozi; Ewan, Thomas MacLeod; Susan, Christina Welburn
African animals resistance ( AATr) continues to undermine global efforts to eliminate the transmission of africa intrypanosomiasis in endemic communities. the continued lack of new trypanocides has participated drug misuse and over use, thus contributing to the devlopment of the AADr phenotype. in this study, we investigated the threate associated with AAtr by using the major globally available chemotherapeutic agents. Methods: A total of seven electronic databases were screened for an article on trypanocide resistance in AATr by using keywords on preclinical and clinical trials with the number of animals with treatment relapse, days taken to relapse, and resistant gene markers using the PRISMA checklist. Data were cleaned using the SR deduplicator and covidence and analyzed using Cochrane RevMan®. Dichotomous outputs were presented using risk ratio (RR), while continuous data were presented using the standardized mean difference (SMD) at a 95% confidence interval. Results: A total of eight publications in which diminazene aceturate (DA), isometamidium chloride (ISM), and homidium chloride/bromide (HB) were identified as the major trypanocides were used. In all preclinical studies, the development of resistance was in the order of HB > ISM > DA. DA vs. ISM (SMD = 0.15, 95% CI: −0.54, 0.83; I 2 = 46%, P = 0.05), DA vs. HB (SMD = 0.96, 95% CI: 0.47, 1.45; I 2 = 0%, P = 0.86), and HB vs. ISM (SMD = −0.41, 95% CI: −0.96, 0.14; I2 = 5%, P = 0.38) showed multiple cross-resistance. Clinical studies also showed evidence of multi-drug resistance on DA and ISM (RR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.71–1.43; I2 = 46%, P = 0.16). To address resistance, most preclinical studies increased the dosage and the treatment time, and this failed to improve the patient’s prognosis. Major markers of resistance explored include TbAT1, P1/P2 transporters, folate transporters, such as F-I, F-II, F-III, and polyamine biosynthesis inhibitors. In addition, immunosuppressed hosts favor the development of AATr.
ItemOpen Access
Content and dynamics of nutrients in the surface water of shallow Lake Mulehe in Kisoro District, South–western Uganda
(Applied Water Science Springer, 2023-03-23) Saturday Alex · Kangume Susan · Bamwerinde Wilson
The purpose of this study was to investigate the content and dynamics of nutrients in the shallow (max. 6 m) Lake Mulehe. We collected 54 water samples from nine sampling stations between the wet season (March–May 2020 and dry season (June–August 2020). Nutrients; ammonia–nitrogen (NH4–N), nitrate–nitrogen (NO3–N), nitrite–nitrogen (NO2–N), total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) were investigated in accordance with APHA 2017 standard procedures. Besides, physical parameters: Temperature, pH, turbidity, electrical conductivity and dissolved oxygen were measured in situ. The water quality index (WQI) was used to determine the water quality of Lake Muhele using drinking water quality standards developed by the Uganda National Bureau of Standards and the World Health Organization. Results indicated that nutrients (TN, NO3–N, TP, NH4-N, NO2–N and SRP) did not difer substantially between study stations (p>0.05) but did reveal significant differences (p<0.05) across study months. Besides, nutrient levels differed significantly between seasons (p<0.05) except for SRP and NH4–N. The WQI values varied from 36.0 to 74.5, with a mean of 58.69. The recorded overall WQI value places Lake Mulehe’s water quality into the ‘poor’ category in terms of worthiness for human consumption. The study, therefore, recommends continuous pollution monitoring and enforcement of local regulations to reduce pollution in the lake as a result of anthropogenic activities.
ItemOpen Access
Enhance Research and Innovation in ICT products, Applications, and Services
(Kabale University, 2024-02-09) Businge, Phelix Mbabazi
The need for most secondary schools in Uganda, especially in Kigezi region, to embrace Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been facing a number of challenges which had not been clearly documented. In order to ensure the efficient integration of ICT in the teaching and learning process in these schools, there is need to understand these challenges and know how best they can be handled. The purpose of this study was to establish whether ICT was being integrated in the teaching and learning process among selected secondary schools in the Kigezi region by assessing the usage of ICTs in the teaching and learning process; establish the ICT infrastructures currently available in the selected schools and how they are being used; and, ascertaining the challenges secondary school teachers face in integrating ICT in the teaching and learning process. The study was guided by MICTIVO model (2009) of ICT integration which captures most of the factors for the Integration of ICT in education by looking at infrastructure and policy, perceptions, competences and integration at micro-level, and not only at ICT integration in curriculum development. The study adopted a cross-sectional descriptive survey design to collect data at one point in time from all the selected secondary schools. The quantitative approach was the main approach while the qualitative was the complementary approach. The target population included students (1943) and teachers (24), from Kigezi Region Districts of Kabale, Rukiga and Rukungiri. The six (6) schools were selected among the top schools from which Kabale University has been admitting the highest number of students for different courses in different academic years. The schools represented schools from both urban and rural settings. From the six schools, a sample of 332 students and 24 teachers were required to participate in the study. Data was collected by means of a questionnaire. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings from the study indicated that ICT was not being used in the teaching and learning process with average response mode of 1[never used ICT]. Furthermore, it was revealed that most of ICT Infrastructures -- computers, printers, Internet connection among others -- were not available [Average response mode of 1], In terms of ICT skills and competences, it was found out that respondents lacked skills in Organizing computer files in folders and sub-folders; Producing a text and using a word processing Programme, among others, as represented by the average mode of 1 [None]. The model developed revealed that location of the schools and the year of existence were found to be significant, while class and gender were found to be insignificant to ICT adoption in secondary schools. Based on the findings of the study, it is recommended that government and stakeholders should ensure that: schools are provided with the necessary ICT infrastructure; qualified computer teachers are recruited; computer laboratory technicians are rectruited; that there is continuous retooling of both students and staff; and that schools encourage ICT usage at home.