Kabale University Digital Repository (KAB-DR)

KAB-DR preserves research output from the Kabale University community


Communities in KAB-DR

Select a community to browse its collections.

Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
  • The collections in this Community are comprised of Indigenous Knowledge emanating from communities in the neighborhoods of Kabale University. These are communities in the great Kigezi Region.
  • This community holds students (Graduates) dissertation and Thesis, Staff field reports, Students (undergraduate) study reports
  • The community includes research article publications in journals both local and international, conference papers in proceedings and reports, abstracts and reviews by Kabale University Staff and Students
  • This community archives publications by individual University Staff and Students, Faculty and Departmental Publications (i.e. University Journal, Newsletters, University official publications etc.), groups and Association operating in the University (i.e. Convocation and Staff and Students Association}

Recent Submissions

ItemOpen Access
The socio-economic impact of Covid-19 on refugees and host community’s livelihoods in south western Uganda: a case of Nakivale refugee settlement.
(Kabale University, 2024) Mucungunzi, Abel; Mugisha, Abbasa; Ahabwe, Macklean
This study examined the way the imposition of total lockdown during the COVID-19 epidemic affected the socioeconomic livelihoods of refugees and host communities at the Nakivale refugee settlement in South Western Uganda. This study worked towards answering the following questions; to what extent did COVID-19 affect refugees and the host community’s livelihood status at the Nakivale refugee settlement?; how did COVID-19 affect the operations of government and other humanitarian stakeholders at the Nakivale refugee settlement and how did they deal with such an impact?; what alternative policy approaches were available to guide the government and other actors in dealing with the socioeconomic livelihoods of refugees in the pandemic events? By using a cross-sectional design with a qualitative approach, the study used in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, and participatory mapping to explore the research questions. The study findings revealed that the imposition of country-wide lockdowns affected the operations of all stakeholders which in turn also affected the socioeconomic livelihoods of refugees and host communities. It was thus recommended that in future epidemic events, the government as the overall overseer of refugee situations in tandem with humanitarian agencies, would need to consider attending to the plight of refugees in totality with its response to the general citizenry.
ItemOpen Access
Contribution of Cash Management practices on Performance of Ankole Farmers Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization Rubindi Branch-Mbarara District.
(Kabale University, 2024) Akankwasa, Alex; Akakikunda, Teddy; Ntirandekura, Moses; Masiko, Caroline Murezi; Nyesigire, Jolly
This research carried out was about the Cash Management and Performance of Ankole Farmers Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization Rubindi Branch. The objectives of the research included: analyzing the factors affecting cash Management in Rubindi Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization, examining the challenges facing the organization, and finding out the effect of cash management on the financial performance of SACCO. The study used questionnaires and interviews as the methods for data collection. The study also established that cash management practices increase the flexibility and competitive advantage of an Organization, enabling it to take cash discounts. The findings showed that Cash management practices help SACCO to survive in uncertain environments and also influence forecasting the financial performance of these organizations. The managers of Savings and Credit Cooperative Organizations need to introduce better policies about cash management practices with the aim of boosting their liquidity and sustainability. The study recommended; introducing cash ratios, increasing deposits, recruitment of competent staff, maintaining liquidity and adopting a capital structure policy with the aim of facilitating decision-making and overall performance of the Savings and Credit Cooperative Organizations. The employees can facilitate further training in customer care management, loan appraisal, monitoring and assessment, and also financial management to assist the Savings and Credit Cooperative Organizations in realizing their goals and objectives.
ItemOpen Access
Plasmodium falciparum genetic diversity and multiplicity of infection based on msp‑1, msp‑2, glurp and microsatellite genetic markers in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
(Kabale University, 2024) Mwesigwa, Alex; Ocan, Moses; Musinguzi, Benson; Nante, Rachel Wangi; Nankabirwa, Joaniter I.; Kiwuwa, Steven M.; Kinengyere, Alison Annet; Castelnuovo, Barbara; Karamagi, Charles; Obuku, Ekwaro A.; Nsobya, Samuel L.; Mbulaiteye, Sam M.; Byakika‐Kibwika, Pauline
Background In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), Plasmodium falciparum causes most of the malaria cases. Despite crucial roles in disease severity and drug resistance, comprehensive data on Plasmodium falciparum genetic diversity and multiplicity of infection (MOI) are sparse in SSA. This study summarizes available information on genetic diversity and MOI, focusing on key markers (msp-1, msp-2, glurp, and microsatellites). The systematic review aimed to evaluate their influence on malaria transmission dynamics and offer insights for enhancing malaria control measures in SSA. Methods: The review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines. Two reviewers conducted article screening, assessed the risk of bias (RoB), and performed data abstraction. Meta-analysis was performed using the random-effects model in STATA version 17. Results: The review included 52 articles: 39 cross-sectional studies and 13 Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT)/cohort studies, involving 11,640 genotyped parasite isolates from 23 SSA countries. The overall pooled mean expected heterozygosity was 0.65 (95% CI: 0.51–0.78). Regionally, values varied: East (0.58), Central (0.84), Southern (0.74), and West Africa (0.69). Overall pooled allele frequencies of MSP-1 alleles K1, MAD20, and RO33 were 61%, 44%, and 40%, respectively, while msp-2 I/C 3D7 and FC27 alleles were 61% and 55%. Central Africa reported higher frequencies (K1: 74%,MAD20: 51%, RO33: 48%) than East Africa (K1: 46%, MAD20: 42%, RO33: 31%). For MSP-2, East Africa had 60% and 55% for I/C 3D7 and FC27 alleles, while West Africa had 62% and 50%, respectively. The pooled allele frequency for glurpwas 66%. The overall pooled mean MOI was 2.09 (95% CI: 1.88–2.30), with regional variations: East (2.05), Central (2.37), Southern (2.16), and West Africa (1.96). The overall prevalence of polyclonal Plasmodium falciparum infections was 63% (95% CI: 56–70), with regional prevalences as follows: East (62%), West (61%), Central (65%), and South Africa (71%). Conclusion: The study shows substantial regional variation in Plasmodium falciparum parasite genetic diversity and MOI in SSA. These findings suggest a need for malaria control strategies and surveillance efforts considering regional-specific factors underlying Plasmodium falciparum infection.
ItemOpen Access
Fluoxetine attenuates stress-induced depression-like behavior due to decrease in pro-inflammatory cytokines in male rats.
(2024) Nabirumbi, Ritah; Onohuean, Hope; Kato, Charles Drago; Alagbonsi, Abdullateef Isiaka; Adedeji1, Ahmed A.
Pro-inflammatory cytokines are implicated in depression caused by both environmental- and alcohol-induced stress. The purpose of the study was to investigate the cytokine levels in serum and hippocampus following induction of depression-like behaviors (DLB) by either force. swimming test (FST) or ethanol-induced DLB (EID). We also investigated the effect of prior administration of the antidepressant drug fluoxetine on cytokines in animals exposed to both models of DLB. Methods: Animals were pretreated with fluoxetine before inducing DLB, while DLB was induced in some animals using FST and ethanol in different groups of rats without fluoxetine pretreatment. The ELISA was used to detect changes in cytokine (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α) levels in serum and hippocampus. Results: The mean levels of IL-1β and IL-6 measured in serum and hippocampus were significantly higher in FST and EID models when compared to the control group. The serum concentrations of IL-1β and IL-6 were significantly reduced in animals pre-treated with 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg of fluoxetine in both FST and EID models when compared to the untreated FST and EID groups respectively. Conclusions: In conclusion, both environment and alcohol can induce stress and DLB in rats with similar intensity, and their mechanisms of DLB induction involve activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, fluoxetine can prevent stress-induced inflammation in models of DLB.
ItemOpen Access
Effects of accessibility and adequacy of technical vocational education and training equipment on acquisition of employable skills in Uganda. A case of Uganda Technical College - Elgon.
(Kabale University, 2024) Wanda, Herbert; Edoru, John Michael
The Government of Uganda has continued to establish and equip public Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Institutions in the country. However, despite the initiatives, learners have continued to join the industry and claimed to have inadequate employable skills. This poses the question of whether the equipment utilized is adequate and accessed by learners to acquire employable skills. This paper therefore examined the access and adequacy of TVET equipment in Technical Colleges. A descriptive survey design utilizing quantitative and qualitative approaches of research was conducted, with a sample size of 100 learners and 5 instructors were selected. A simple random sampling technique to choose learners responded to the questionnaires and purposive selection of instructors for focus group discussions. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences was used to run descriptive analyses, ordinal regressions, and frequency distribution. Findings on adequacy show that 77% of the learners are availed of equipment not relevant to their program and spend little time practicing on the equipment. In conclusion, TVET equipment was inadequate with limited time spent on practicum, and recommended that Government institutions should undergo into memorandum of understanding with the industry to enable learners to adequately access practice experience on modern equipment relevant to their training.