Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 12
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    Assessing the Effect of Health Insurance to Social Development of People in Rukomo-Nyagatare District-Rwanda.
    (Kabale University, 2014) Mutesi, Grace
    This study was about assessing the effects of health insurance to the social development of people in Rukomo sector. Many theoretical models argued that health insurance protects households from health problems and associated costs. Using integrated household living condition survey data and qualitative data, i explored the effects of illness on households and whether they are prevented from impoverishment effects of health expenditure payments. In addition, i tested whether insured households were protected from dropping their children out of school as adjustment mechanisms when they face severe illness. The results suggested that health insurance has prevented consumptions disruption for insured people which would result from health problems. The findings are consistent with the impact of health insurance on poverty reduction and school dropping out whereby insured households were prevented from falling into poverty and dropping their children out of school following episodes of illness. These findings indicate that health insurance plays a crucial role in addressing issues preventing poor people to lead decent life.
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    Women Economic Empowerment and Poverty Reduction: A Case Study of Kabale Municipality.
    (Kabale University, 2020) Gerald, Baguma
    Unequal opportunities between women and men continue to hamper women’s ability to lift themselves from poverty and gain more options to improve their living standards. Women are economically disadvantaged: for example, culturally, they do not own any property; girls are marginalized in education whereby some parents prefer to take boys to good schools and do not like to take girls to good schools. The purpose of the study was to examine the role of women economic empowerment and poverty reduction in Kabale district. The objectives of the study were: to examine the role of women economic empowerment and poverty reduction in Kabale Municipality; (ii) to identify the challenges affecting women economic empowerment in Kabale Municipality; (iii) to suggest possible solutions to the challenges affecting women economic empowerment and poverty reduction in Kabale Municipality. The researcher adopted a cross-sectional research design for the study. The study used questionnaire and interview guide to obtain data from all officials and interviews from women groups and household heads. In all, 191 respondents were selected through purposive, and simple random sampling techniques. Data was collected by using interviewing, observation and questionnaire methods. Statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS 16.0) and Microsoft excel 2007.The study concludes that women economic empowerment has promoted self-employment, reduced gender-based violence in most families, and reduced on the level of income inequality. Women economic empowerment was found to be facing a number of challenges like low levels of income, low levels of mobilization and weak leaders. The study also concludes that there is need to reduce on interest rates and mortgage on loans for women as a solution to the challenges facing women economic empowerment in the district. There is still need to support women through sensitization meetings and workshops. The study, among other things, recommended that government should team up with the local rural banks to negotiate for low interest rate and flexible payment terms to encourage more women to acquire more loans for their businesses.
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    Village Savings, Loan Associations (Vsla) and Socio -Economic Empowerment of Vulnerable People in Kamuganguzi Sub County, Kabale District
    (Kabale University, 2020) Deus, Mwijukye
    The study carried out was entitled “Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLA) and socio-economic empowerment of vulnerable people in Kamuganguzi Sub County, Kabale District. According to UBOS 2018, Kamuganguzi Sub County which was the study area was among the poorest sub counties of Ndorwa County, Kabale District where a total of 3,516 people were food insecure, 769 people had no access to safe water, 691 children (6-17years) were out of school, 1,142 children were involved in child labour and 110 children were married. The research design was cross-sectional and applied both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The tools for data collection were interviews and questionnaires. The study objectives included: determining the effect of savings on the socio-economic empowerment of vulnerable people; examining the relationship between credit access and socio-economic empowerment of vulnerable people; and examining the effect of social fund on socio-economic empowerment of vulnerable people in Kamuganguzi Sub County Kabale District. The study population was 255 which included LADA Uganda staff and VSLA group members. The key findings were, credit access and socio-economic empowerment of vulnerable people were synonymous with community replacing the damaged property. The conclusion was that village savings and loan associations and socio-economic empowerment of vulnerable people were found to be significantly related. The recommendations were: need to improve the health status of women in families as well as children since they were regarded vulnerable in order to let them live happily; there should be improved nutrition and food supply to all families to let children and other members grow healthy and live a happy life; increased household income should be the ultimate goal fostered by credit accessibility in the area which must be done with ease through the start of small and medium enterprises especially women; vulnerable groups of people should have the damaged property replaced in case of any loss with the aim of keeping standards of living at household level; achieving flexibility to immense development of social capital required the development of the saving culture that promotes regular income to help the community solve their personal problems; the social fund should be a unifying factor that enhances development through increased social networking to allow information flow since information is power.
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    Assessing the Potential of Cultural Tourism Development in Kabale District
    (Kabale University, 2013) Simon, Otebwa
    The study was about assessing the potential cultural tourism development in Kabale District, of south western Uganda. This was guided by objectives namely: to identify, categorize, and profile the potential cultural sites in Kabale District, to find out the main challenges facing heritage tourism in Kabale District and to suggest possible strategies for the development of cultural site and heritage tourism in kabala district. The study had a qualitative approach and was an exploratory design in nature to come up with solutions to variables like assessing the potentials cultural tourism development in Kabale District. The research involved collection of ideas, experience and suggestions from the selected respondents owning cultural sites, adjacent community members to the sites and tourists who visited kabala. Respondents (male and female) from the age 10 and above were consulted to provide the researcher with relevant data. The study identified different cultural sites including Bukora caves, Nyakagyera caves, Kacuro Caves, Akampene Island, Ngorogoza Lake, Kitibya cave, Bukoora black smith area and Edirisa cultural center. It was confirmed that not much is known to the world about these sites and that on average they receive very few tourists once in a blue moon. The study found out that the cultural sites face a number of challenges including poor marketing for cultural products, limited resources to develop these sites, westernization which is making the people of Kabale to loose culture, failure to transfer important information on culture sites from generation to generation and lack of government support in the sustainability of cultural sites. The study again came up with some recommendations to some of the challenges mentioned above such as adopting teaching culture in our primary schools, promoters and intermediaries in tourism to consider cultural tourism as an important aspect of tourism, seminars on tourism in conjunction with cultural sites should be done, local government conserving creating accessibility in terms of roads, and investors consider investing in cultural tourism. More to that, suggestion to develop heritage sites and tourism in general were also revealed namely: informing local communities about how important is tourism to them, more research to be done about heritage tourism to come up with all the solutions to weaknesses in sector, and gazetting cultural sites as protected areas of value by the government should also be considered for the development of cultural heritage. However on the side of assessing the potential market for tourism, it was confirmed that a big number of tourists come to visit Kabale with 25% on purpose of cultural experience visits but of 100% only 10% have ever visited a cultural site. In addition to the above, it was put that tourists are willing to pay even for a package for any cultural tourism and if visiting a cultural site would be very interesting. Finally the study drew some suggestions on what should be done to improve on cultural tourism in kabala and these were: research on cultural tourism should be carried out for acquisition of proper information that should be availed for search by potential tourists, potential cultural, historical, heritage potential that can attract tourists should be marketed, tourism promoters in the country should also consider cultural tourism as an important touristic experience equally to others like gorilla tracking, and government of Uganda should put emphasis in restoring culture of its people for even tourism to grow.
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    The Effects of Genocide on Tourism Industry in Bugesera District in Rwanda.
    (Kabale University, 2013) Egide, Mudaheranwa
    The study aimed at exploring the effects of genocide on tourism industry in Bugesera District in Rwanda. The study was guided by three objectives namely; find out the effect of genocide (1994) on the tourism industry in Bugesera District in Rwanda; and to suggest possible solutions for improving the tourism industry in the post genocide era in Bugesera District in Rwanda. The study was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Both simple Radom and sampling (general informants) and purposive sampling (key informants) were used to select 50 respondents for the study. The researcher used the questionnaire, interview and observation guides to collect primary data from the field. Data was finally presented in tables, pie charts and graphs. The study results revealed that all the 100% of the respondents replied yes meaning that they were aware of the effects of the 1994 genocide on the tourism industry in the study area (see table 4.3.1). The study results also indicated that the majority of respondents 76% reported that the 1994 genocide negatively affected the tourism industry (see table 4.3.2). Basing on the finding of the study, it was concluded that majority of respondents (32%) noted that there were visits to cultural sites of the formal kings and traditional before genocide and crocodile viewing also took place in the study area after genocide (see table 4.3.3). Among the tourism activities that took place before the genocide period.it was also concluded that the majority of respondents (40%) noted that there was touring the genocide memorial sites and tours and travels taking place in the study area after genocide (see table 4.3.4). it was further concluded that the majority of respondents (32%) rated the progress of tourism industry between 51% and 75% (see table 4.2.1). Among the progresses included peace and security facilities that guaranteed tourism safety and transport companies that were involved in the tour and travel businesses transporting international and local tourists to and from different destinations in the study area (see table 4.4.2). The researcher concluded the study requesting respondents to suggest possible solutions for improving the tourism industry in the post genocide era in Bugesera district in Rwanda where they suggested that there was need for better infrastructural development especially in line with better ICT facilities, hotels and resorts, road networks to the extent that they could be affordable to the local tourists and also that there was need for the intervention of international cooperation especially to facilitate the poor third developing country towards reaching prosperity and independent growth through the tourism development in the post-genocide period (see table 4.5.2) The researcher recommended that there was need for explaining how tourism can be used in promoting Rwanda a country, and what Rwanda’s views on sustainable tourism are in the future to come in the post genocide period and also that he Government of the Republic of Rwanda could possibly have significant role in boosting countries economic among others.