Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (FASS)

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  • ItemOpen Access
    Influence of Poverty on Female Youth Prostitution in Uganda: The Experiences of Young Women Residing in Kigongi Ward, Kabale Municipality.
    (Student’s Journal of Health Research Africa, 2023-10-24) Mbabazi, Ruth; Adebayo, Sanni T
    Background: The study aimed to investigate the influence of poverty on female youth prostitution in Kigongi Ward, Kabale Municipality. The study was guided by specific objectives, which include the influence of poverty on female youth prostitution, the experiences and perspectives of the female youth involved in prostitution, and the degree to which poverty influences prostitution among female youths in Kigongi Ward, Kabale Municipality. Methodology: This study adopted a case study research design utilizing both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Using simple random and purposive sampling techniques, a total of 100 respondents were used in the study. Results: It was found that a majority of 30% of the respondents reported that a woman might live a simple life or earn a lot of money as a prostitute, while 20% of the respondents mentioned parental neglect and youth laziness as the factors that push female youth into prostitution. Also, (30%) of respondents mentioned that prostitution affects a community's reputation, standard of living, and property. On the degree to which poverty influences prostitution among female youths, the majority of the respondents (45%) said that poverty causes female youth prostitution in Kigongi Ward. Conclusion: It was concluded that poverty contributes majorly to female youth prostitution in the Kigongi ward of Kabale Municipality. And there is no supportive empowerment policy that can alleviate poverty. Recommendation:People from developing nations must be given legal chances to migrate, with consideration for the economic interests of both the receiving nation and the immigrants themselves.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Rethinking the question of identity for indigenous public administration within public administration
    (International journal of research in business and social science., 2023-11-11) Mahlala Sandiso ,Basheka Benon and Rapanyane Makhura Benjamin
    In African Public Administration, this article considers the subject of rethinking identity for indigenous public administration. It seeks to determine whether the lack of indigenous traditions as a foundation for current Public Administration will actually fulfil the essential knowledge demands of government by solving challenges that cannot be answered by public officials. This epistemic discrimination of indigenous public administration in Public Administration has been widely disseminated without taking into account the value systems of African societies that have established their own distinct administrative structures within their respective cultural settings. This has resulted in a plethora of misunderstandings and contradictions in contemporary public administration practices. This is due to P[p]ublic A[a]dministration modulating the influence of Africans, their processes and institutions in the development of the discipline. In light of this realization, this paper discusses how rethinking the issue of identity for indigenous public administration can and should serve as a foundational tool for promoting Africa's Public Administration. This paper employs Afrocentricity as an avant-garde to untangle this discourse based on the above-mentioned breakdown. The paper is conceptual in nature and is based on a review of literature from a variety of sources, including policies, popular media statements, and academic publications.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Classroom Streaming and Academic Achievement Among Atudents in Aecondary Achools in Uganda: Evidence from Apac and Jinja Districts.
    (Kabale University, 2023) Karuhanga, Samuel; Chama, Julius; Bantu, Edward; Tibesasa, Ruth; Turyasingura, Benson
    Several studies have been conducted to ascertain the impact of ability grouping on academic attainment over the past 20 years, but little effort has been made. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of classroom streaming on academic achievement and self-esteem of secondary school students and the relationship between streaming and academic achievement among students in secondary schools in Apac and Jinja districts. The researcher involved four secondary schools from the Apac and Jinja districts. The 240 subjects, both boys and girls, with 30 subjects drawn from each of the selected streams, were drawn from the four schools. The sample chosen was large enough to be representative of the whole student population in the two districts. The analysis of the relationship between streaming and academic achievement revealed that the p-calculated value was found to be 0.0001 with df = 238. Since 0.0001 is far less than 0.05, which is the P-critical value at which the researcher tested the hypothesis, the conclusion is that streaming has an effect on academic achievement. The study confirmed that ability grouping has a strong bearing on the academic achievement of secondary school students.
  • ItemOpen Access
    The Potential Impacts of The East African Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP) On Human Rights in Uganda.
    (ssrn.com, 2021-09-30) Mugabi. K. Ivan.
    This paper is primarily centered on interaction between the advancement of the East African Crude Oil Pipeline (herein after the EACOP) on one hand and aspects of human rights on the other hand. This paper shall seek to borrow ideas from land rights, environmental rights and other right based narratives in demonstrating how and why the EACOP project is not only the most exciting socioeconomic but also a project giving room for opposing phenomenological discourses most of which are hinged upon ideas of human rights. This analysis shall therefore adopt a comparative as well as a reflective research design in asserting that in as much as the project is economically viable, lesson must be picked from other developing regions where similar projects have culminated into detrimental consequences upon the communities
  • ItemOpen Access
    Governance and Poverty Eradication Policy Performance During the NRM Administration in Uganda 1986 – 2020.
    (Kabale University, 2023) Mucunguzi, Abel; Katabaazi, Anny Bwengye
    Poverty in Uganda is attributed to diseases, limited access to land, large families, lack of markets for agricultural produce, lack of credit facilities, lack of education and vocational training, lack of jobs, high unfair taxes and market dues, death of family bread winners, ignorance and lack of information, idleness and laziness, insurgency and gender inequalities among others. This is the identifiable poverty structural complex within which any actor on poverty reduction and eradication has to work. However, despite the above elaborate classification of the causes of poverty in Uganda and the enactment of numerous anti-poverty policies, less effort has been expended in analyzing why the poverty situation in Uganda has not significantly changed since the NRM administration. This study therefore attempted inter alia to fill this research gap and also sought to introduce new concepts that can improve poverty reduction and eradication agenda in Uganda. The idea behind this research is that if the causes of the slow progress in poverty reduction are not identified and targeted holistically through policy and inculcation of good governance at all levels of government administration, it will be difficult for Uganda to achieve significant poverty reduction and eradication in the long run. Consequently therefore, the main objective of the study was to establish whether or not a relationship exists between governance and anti-poverty policy performance in Uganda and to generate governance practices that can be applied for better anti-poverty policy performance in Uganda in the future. Following on this objective it is hypothesized that a possible relationship exists between governance practices at all levels of government administration and poverty reduction so much so that particular governance practices are crucial in poverty reduction. A mixed research methodology was adopted in the study and a number of questions were adopted to assist in probing this hypothesis.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Skills for Collecting Research Data, Analytical Skills, and Lecturer Job Effectiveness at Nigerian Universities.
    (Kabale University, 2023) Oluwafemi, Ebenezer Jegede; Otu, Bernard D.
    This study sought to examine research data gathering skill, analytical skill and lecturers’ Job effectiveness in two Universities in Nigeria, namely University of Calabar of Cross River State, and Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Nigeria respectively. The choice of these two Universities is to balance the equation of the research on both the public and private universities. Literature review was both empirical and theoretical. The design used was causal comparative (Ex-Post-Facto). Two null hypotheses formulated to direct the investigation. The population of the study was 1856, from the two Universities. The instrument for data collection was constructed by the researchers using a four likert scale questionnaire titled; Skills for Collecting Research Data, Analytical Skills, and Lecturer Job Effectiveness at Nigerian Universities. The face and content validity was checked by experts in Measurement and Evaluation who vetted the items developed. The reliability of the instrument was trial tested using the Cronbach Alpha method and the co-efficient ranged from .71 to .86. The stratified sample technique was used to sample 420 lecturers, for the study. Statistical tool employed for data analysis was the simple linear regression at 0.05 level of significance, with 341 degree of freedom. The result of the analysis revealed that research data gathering skill, analytical skill significantly relate with lecturers’ Job effectiveness. It was recommended that regular seminars and workshops on research be organized for academics to update and sustain their skills in research.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Food Security in the Wake of Perennial Crop Farming. Paradoxes Underlying Commercial Agriculture in Kigezi.
    (Kabale University, 2023) Chama, Julius
    This study critically examines the contribution of tea growing in Kigezi region and how it affects the growth of other crops that are meant for food consumption. It underscores the performance of tea as a cash crop and also as a means of foreign exchange for the country as well as a source of employment. This study establishes that the tea sector has not in any way affected food security in the region of Kigezi and has instead improved house hold incomes, been a source of employment and boosted revenue for households. The sector has however registered some challenges like limited faith among the out growers who prefer their own traditional crops. There have also been challenges of lack of c ordination from stake holders like NEMA, the district local governments and government ministries, departments and agencies. The study recommends to government that policy makers make a comprehensive tea policy that stream lines conflicting agencies and also learn best practices from neighbouring countries like Kenya where the sector has performed immensely well. Farmers also need constant sencitizatin on the benefits of the cash crop.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Debunking the local government malaise under the decentralization policyin Uganda: an analytical treatise
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ), 2022) Julius, Chama
    Several years have passed since Uganda approved decentralization both as a tool of good governance and as a policy of poverty reduction however many regions and districts in the country, including the city authorities, continue to stagger in poverty and development melancholy. Studies conducted at the local/district level show that high levels of poorness and underdevelopment remain. This development paradox is the subject of this article. A review of the current literature and interviews with stakeholders in local government institutions in Uganda, unveil that conflicts, limited resources and continued fragmentation of districts by politicians have been impediments to progress. Hindrances also included the socio-economic and the political. It also portrays gerrymandering and a decrepit state of affairs. This study suggests the sovereignty of local governments, expansion of resource bases through robust methods such as taxation and the institutionalization of public sector reform programs to ensure a sustainable base for social services delivery
  • ItemOpen Access
    Perennial crop farming and food security in Kigezi: a case study of Kigezi highland tea
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ), 2022) Julius, Chama
    This study critically examines the contribution of tea growing in Kigezi region and how it affects the growth of other crops that are meant for food consumption. It underscores the performance of tea as a cash crop and as a means of generating foreign exchange for the country as well as a source of employment. This study establishes that the tea sector has not in any way affected food security in the region of Kigezi and has instead improved household incomes, been a source of employment and boosted revenue for households. The sector has however registered some challenges like limited faith among the out growers who prefer their own traditional crops. There have also been challenges of lack of coordination from stake-holders like NEMA, the district local governments and government ministries, departments and agencies. The study recommends to government that policy makers design a comprehensive tea policy that streamlines conflicting agencies and also learn best practices from neighboring countries like Kenya where the sector has performed immensely well. Farmers also need constant sensitization on the benefits of the cash crop.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Debunking the local government malaise under the decentralization policyin Uganda: an analytical treatise
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ), 2022-12) Julius, Chama
    Several years have passed since Uganda approved decentralization both as a tool of good governance and as a policy of poverty reduction however many regions and districts in the country, including the city authorities, continue to stagger in poverty and development melancholy. Studies conducted at the local/district level show that high levels of poorness and underdevelopment remain. This development paradox is the subject of this article. A review of the current literature and interviews with stakeholders in local government institutions in Uganda, unveil that conflicts, limited resources and continued fragmentation of districts by politicians have been impediments to progress. Hindrances also included the socio-economic and the political. It also portrays gerrymandering and a decrepit state of affairs. This study suggests the sovereignty of local governments, expansion of resource bases through robust methods such as taxation and the institutionalization of public sector reform programs to ensure a sustainable base for social services delivery
  • ItemOpen Access
    Improving women and children refugees’ livelihoods through self-reliance at Nakivale settlement, south western Uganda
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022-12) Abbas, Mugisha; Emmanuel, Patroba Mhache; Reguli, Baltazar Mushy
    UNHCR reports that of the 82.4 million people who have been forced into displacement, over half are women and children. The East African region hosts one of the highest levels of refugees in the world. Refugees in Camps in Africa are confronted with a number of challenges, one of them being over-reliance on food aid. In Uganda and particularly Nakivale settlement, a number of strategies have been undertaken to improve women and children refugees through self-reliance initiatives. This study examined how women and children refugees’ livelihoods can be improved through self-reliance strategies. The study employed a triangulation design to collect and analyze data. The study population for this study was 39523 women and children refugees (12 -17) and (18-59) gotten from a study population of 104,009 women and children refugees. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis, the findings revealed that refugees’ livelihoods can be improved through improved access to financial services and skills enhancement training. The study concluded that access to financing services would improve women and children refugees’ livelihood. The study thus, recommends that refugees be trained in different skills and later can be provided with capital to enable them start to businesses or other self-reliance activities instead of relying on handouts
  • ItemOpen Access
    Public Accountability and its Diverse Context: a Tale from Different Disciplinary Parameters.
    (Kabale University, 2022) Basheka, Benon
    One of the greatest hurdles of sound administrative and governance contexts in Africa remains that of accountability. Accountability in itself is huge and can be seen from different angles and no issue of a journal like this one can pride of a capacity to cover all forms of accountability. There is political accountability, financial accountability, administrative accountability, managerial accountability, and professional accountability. Accountability can also be business accountability, bureaucratic accountability, social accountability, representational accountability, audit accountability, fiscal accountability, legal accountability and many other forms. There remains a serious deficit of all these forms in the African continent. In all forms of accountability there are four outstanding pillars. Keywords: Public Accountability, Diverse Context, Disciplinary Parameters.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Improving women and children refugees’ livelihoods through self-reliance at Nakivale settlement, south western Uganda
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022-12-04) Abbas, Mugisha; Emmanuel Patroba, Mhache; Reguli Baltazar, Mushy
    UNHCR reports that of the 82.4 million people who have been forced into displacement, over half are women and children. The East African region hosts one of the highest levels of refugees in the world. Refugees in Camps in Africa are confronted with a number of challenges, one of them being over-reliance on food aid. In Uganda and particularly Nakivale settlement, a number of strategies have been undertaken to improve women and children refugees through self-reliance initiatives. This study examined how women and children refugees’ livelihoods can be improved through self-reliance strategies. The study employed a triangulation design to collect and analyze data. The study population for this study was 39523 women and children refugees (12 -17) and (18-59) gotten from a study population of 104,009 women and children refugees. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis, the findings revealed that refugees’ livelihoods can be improved through improved access to financial services and skills enhancement training. The study concluded that access to financing services would improve women and children refugees’ livelihood. The study thus, recommends that refugees be trained in different skills and later can be provided with capital to enable them start to businesses or other self-reliance activities instead of relying on handouts
  • ItemOpen Access
    Effect of Student’s Involvement in Fees Policy Implementation on Learner’s Stability in Public Universities in Uganda: The Case of Makerere University.
    (Kabale University, 2022) Oketch, Chrisostom; Tazwaire, Doreen
    The study examined the eff ect of student involvement/participation in fees policy implementation on learner’s stability in Makerere University that has had a number of student unrests in the past whenever fees policy changes are considered for implementation resulting into a number of disruptive consequences. The study aimed at examining how student involvement/ participation in fees policy implementation affect their stability with a view of proposing strategies capable of enhancing order in the university. The study adopted a case study design in collection and analysis of data using questionnaires and interview guide from a sample of 368 consisting of students, their leaders and selected university administrators. Results indicated that there is a gap on the part of student leaders to consult extensively from their constituents because they lack advocacy and lobbying skills, management rarely put into consideration student’s views while making decisions, and that protests are seen by students as a mobilization structure for airing out their voices on fees policy changes. The study concludes that the level of student involvement in fees policy implementation depends on the nature of student leadership and willingness of management to incorporate their views in decision making. The study recommends that individual student awareness and empowerment to participate in fees policy implementation is important and must be cultivated by university management and the need for capacity building on the part of student leaders to boost their representation skills. Key words: Educational Policy Implementation, Higher Education costs - Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Internal controls, corporate governance and fi nancial performance of MFIs in Uganda
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022-12) Abanis, Turyahebwa; Byamukama, Eliab Mpora; Arthur, Sunday
    The article reconnoitered the rapport between internal controls, corporate governance and financial performance of MFIs in Uganda a case of Central Uganda. The study adopted a descriptive, cross-sectional and correlational design. The study covered 76 MFIs in Uganda with 332 respondents. The findings argument to a significant positive relationship between internal controls, corporate governance and financial performance of MFIs. Internal Controls and financial performance of MFIs (r = 0.651, P-value = 0.000), corporate governance and financial performance of MFIs (r = 0.562, P-value = 0.000). From the results, we sanction that internal controls, corporate governance, predict over 70.2% of the change in financial performance of Micro Finance Institutions in Uganda. The findings display a good model fit and fig.2 defines the model of internal controls and corporate governance on financial performance of MFIs in Uganda and is comprised of 3 magnitudes of Internal Controls in terms of Control Environment, Control Activities, Risk Assessment as well as corporate governance and their predictive power on financial performance of MFIs in Uganda. Figure 2 and table 1 and 2 clearly indicate that Internal Controls and Corporate Governance are significantly associated with financial performance of MFIs. The study spoke to pragmatic issues that have not been shielded in the literature, more especially in the microfinance industry Uganda. Besides, the study has attempted to negate or confirm whether the theoretical underpinnings are empirically supported in Microfinance Institutions in Uganda. Consequently, the study has underwritten to the lasting internal controls and corporate governance debate in the field of financial industry. The study has further established that internal control and corporate governance magnitudes operate in a synergic way to affect financial performance in Microfinance Institutions in Uganda.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Debunking the local government malaise under the decentralization policyin Uganda: an analytical treatise
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022-12) Julius, Chama
    Several years have passed since Uganda approved decentralization both as a tool of good governance and as a policy of poverty reduction however many regions and districts in the country, including the city authorities, continue to stagger in poverty and development melancholy. Studies conducted at the local/district level show that high levels of poorness and underdevelopment remain. This development paradox is the subject of this article. A review of the current literature and interviews with stakeholders in local government institutions in Uganda, unveil that conflicts, limited resources and continued fragmentation of districts by politicians have been impediments to progress. Hindrances also included the socio-economic and the political. It also portrays gerrymandering and a decrepit state of affairs. This study suggests the sovereignty of local governments, expansion of resource bases through robust methods such as taxation and the institutionalization of public sector reform programs to ensure a sustainable base for social services delivery
  • ItemOpen Access
    Perennial crop farming and food security in Kigezi: a case study of Kigezi highland tea
    (2022-12) Julius, Chama
    This study critically examines the contribution of tea growing in Kigezi region and how it affects the growth of other crops that are meant for food consumption. It underscores the performance of tea as a cash crop and as a means of generating foreign exchange for the country as well as a source of employment. This study establishes that the tea sector has not in any way affected food security in the region of Kigezi and has instead improved household incomes, been a source of employment and boosted revenue for households. The sector has however registered some challenges like limited faith among the out growers who prefer their own traditional crops. There have also been challenges of lack of coordination from stake-holders like NEMA, the district local governments and government ministries, departments and agencies. The study recommends to government that policy makers design a comprehensive tea policy that streamlines conflicting agencies and also learn best practices from neighboring countries like Kenya where the sector has performed immensely well. Farmers also need constant sensitization on the benefits of the cash crop
  • ItemOpen Access
    Improving women and children refugees’ livelihoods through self-reliance at Nakivale settlement, south western Uganda
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022) Abbas, Mugisha; Emmanuel, Patroba Mhache; Reguli, Baltazar Mushy
    UNHCR reports that of the 82.4 million people who have been forced into displacement, over half are women and children. The East African region hosts one of the highest levels of refugees in the world. Refugees in Camps in Africa are confronted with a number of challenges, one of them being over-reliance on food aid. In Uganda and particularly Nakivale settlement, a number of strategies have been undertaken to improve women and children refugees through self-reliance initiatives. This study examined how women and children refugees’ livelihoods can be improved through self-reliance strategies. The study employed a triangulation design to collect and analyze data. The study population for this study was 39523 women and children refugees (12 -17) and (18-59) gotten from a study population of 104,009 women and children refugees. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods of data analysis, the findings revealed that refugees’ livelihoods can be improved through improved access to financial services and skills enhancement training. The study concluded that access to financing services would improve women and children refugees’ livelihood. The study thus, recommends that refugees be trained in different skills and later can be provided with capital to enable them start to businesses or other self-reliance activities instead of relying on handouts
  • ItemOpen Access
    Debunking the local government malaise under the decentralization policy in Uganda: an analytical treatise
    (Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ, 2022-12) Julius, Chama
    Several years have passed since Uganda approved decentralization both as a tool of good governance and as a policy of poverty reduction however many regions and districts in the country, including the city authorities, continue to stagger in poverty and development melancholy. Studies conducted at the local/district level show that high levels of poorness and underdevelopment remain. This development paradox is the subject of this article. A review of the current literature and interviews with stakeholders in local government institutions in Uganda, unveil that conflicts, limited resources and continued fragmentation of districts by politicians have been impediments to progress. Hindrances also included the socio-economic and the political. It also portrays gerrymandering and a decrepit state of affairs. This study suggests the sovereignty of local governments, expansion of resource bases through robust methods such as taxation and the institutionalization of public sector reform programs to ensure a sustainable base for social services delivery
  • ItemOpen Access
    Judicial proceduralism: the application and exploitation of the substantiality rule in presidential election petitions in Africa
    (African Journal of Governance and Public Leadership (AJoGPL), 2022) BC, Basheka; Daniel, M. Walyemera; Dominique, E. Uwizeyimana
    Presidential candidates who have faith in judicial supremacy often turn to the courts for redress when they lose presidential elections, because the courts often rely on technicalities and the substantiality test to determine the elections. One such technicality is the substantiality test. This paper examines, with the use of selected examples, the application and exploitation of the materiality, otherwise known as the substantiality test, by courts while adjudicating presidential election petitions in Africa. The paper fi rst examines the meaning and origin of the substantiality test before venturing into the legal and constitutional provisions for this rule in selected countries. The paper then turns to the key Supreme Court decisions on presidential election petitions in Africa, focusing on evaluating how the substantiality test has been applied or misapplied. Finally, the paper examines legal and policy implications before making the concluding remarks.