An Assessment of Landslides Occurrence and Its Implications on Local Community in Ibanda Sub County Kasese District, Uganda
This study was about landslides' occurrence and their implications for the local community in Ibanda. Sub County, Kasese District Thus, the general objective of this study was to examine landslide occurrence and its implications for the local community in Ibanda Kasese Kasese Sub County, Kasese District, Uganda. The specific objectives of the study are to: determine the main factors responsible for causing landslides; assess the effects of a landslide threat on the local community; and examine the control measures employed by farmers in landslide prone areas. This study has examined the factors causing landslides in the Ibanda sub-county location, targeting 120 households. A total sample of 92 farmers representing 92 households was selected. Data was presented using frequency-distributed tables, bar graphs, photographs, and maps from various sources. In addition, content analysis was analyzed using qualitative techniques. From the study findings, it was established that the main factors responsible for causing landslides in Ibanda sub-county, Kasese district, were steep gradient of slope, climate change, and lack of cover vegetation. The findings revealed that, first, human activities that caused landslides include deforestation in general and removal of vegetation on slopes, specifically excavation of the toe slope, loading of the slope, defective maintenance of drainage systems, water leakages from water supply and terracing on the slopes. Second, heavy rainfall, geology, soil thickness, deep weathering, fluvial erosion of slopes, are the geomorphological factors that cause landslides in the area. Third, the socioeconomic losses associated with slope failures are significant, ranging from infrastructure destruction to property damage. Displacement of residences, loss of property, and siltation of rivers. Fourthly, the study established that farmers have adopted some responses with regard to landslides, such as afforestation programmers and adhering to warnings given by local government to re-locate to safer ground. According to the study's findings, there should be ongoing communication and education to farmers about effective ways to mitigate landslides, as well as the implementation of settlement policies and penalties for deforestation. Future researchers should investigate the influence government policies have on human activities in landslide prone areas.
A Research Report Submitted to the Faculty of Education in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the A Ward of A Bachelor Degree of Education of Kabale University
Landslides Occurrence, a Implications, Local Community