The Impact of Urbanization on Lives of People in Uganda: A Case Study of Kampala City.
This cross-sectional study was conducted throughout the year 2021 to determine the perception of urban residents towards urbanization in different sectors and its impact on their lives. A total of 500 respondents were interviewed using guided questionnaires from 5 locations selected by convenient sampling. Kampala is divided into five (5) divisions (Central, Kawempe, Makindye, Nakawa & Rubaga), each headed by a popularly elected Mayor. Those divisions are preserved under the new KCCA Law under the control of the Lord Mayor. Urbanization as a concept, its dimensions, and its factors have always attracted the interest of many researchers across the globe. The present study aims to study the need for urbanization to take place in Kampala city, its dimensions, and factors like urban places, urban hierarchy, urban primacy, over-urbanization, urban sprawl, urbanism as a way of life, and the impact of urbanization on people's lives. After the comprehensive literature survey, the results of various studies were correlated systematically for further analyses to reveal the findings and draw conclusions. The findings depict that urbanized societies, in which a majority of the people live crowded together in towns and cities, represent a new and fundamental step in man's social evolution. The way cities have influenced and shaped social life throughout history has led scholars of urban studies to delve into the origin and development of the urban form. Urbanization is a very complex phenomenon, with myriad dimensions. However, the size of the place has been the most widely used criterion in the definition of the urban population. Urban areas have a higher concentration of population in a limited area and thus a higher density of population and social heterogeneity. Urbanization is an ongoing process all over the globe. People moving from rural to urban areas are the primary cause of urbanization, and history indicates that this movement of people is very hard to influence. The inflow of new residents to urban areas results in the need for more buildings and infrastructures, new institutions, and often, new ways of life. How does this relate to the people's standards of living? Given how most cities are currently developing, urbanization does not contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals.
Impact, Urbanization, Lives, People, Uganda, Kampala City
Byonanebye, Bright (2022). The Impact of Urbanization on Lives of People in Uganda: A Case Study of Kampala City. Kabale: Kabale University.