Conflict Resolution Strategies and Social Cohesion of Local Communities in Kyanamira Subcounty, Kabale District
The study aimed at establishing the relationship between conflict resolution strategies and social cohesion of local communities in Kabale district with reference to Kyanamira Sub County. The study was guided by objectives which were to explore the causes of conflicts in local communities in Kyanamira Sub County, Kabale district; to establish the effect of conflicts on social cohesion in local communities in Kyanamira Sub County, Kabale district; and to identify interventions by local communities and government agencies to address conflicts and improve social cohesion. The study used a cross-sectional research design. A sample size of 209 respondents was used. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select respondents. Data collection was done using questionnaires, interviews, and documentary review. Data presentation was done using frequency tables and percentages. In the light of factors influencing the occurrence of conflicts, it is concluded that delays in solving land conflicts, poor community participation in conflict resolutions, corruption, and scarcity of resources are among the major causes of land conflicts. These factors influence the occurrence of land conflicts; if they were tackled and dealt with as early as possible, this would significantly contribute to ending land-based conflicts. With regard to efforts made to mitigate land conflicts in the study area, it was found that the government and traditional institutions had been playing a major role in resolving land conflicts. Also, it was found that other actors, such as CSOs and religious institutions, were important in mitigating land conflicts among smallholder communities in the study area. It is clear that different stakeholders, such as governments, religious, and traditional institutions, play a key role in mitigating land-based conflicts in the study area. However, one may conclude that much more coordinated, reliable, sustainable, and prompt measures are needed to deal with land conflicts in the study area. Based on the findings, it was recommended that awareness creation on land-related matters and conflict resolution should be considered as a priority issue for the security of land use by smallholder communities. In order to maintain peace and harmony in society, the change of the mindset of different land user groups and farming should consider the value of each other in order to avoid land conflicts.
A Research report Submitted in Partial Fulfillment for the Award of a Degree of Bachelor of Arts with Education of Kabale University
Conflict Resolution , Social Cohesion ,Local Communities