Management Style and Employee Performance in Selected Primary Schools in Kajara County, Ntungamo District
The study was about “Management style and employee performance in selected Primary Schools in Kajara County, Ntungamo District”. The main objective of the study was to assess the effect of management styles on employee performance in selected primary schools in Kajara county, Ntungamo district. The study was guided by a set of specific objectives which include: to examine the types of management style used in primary schools in Kajara County; to assess employee performance in primary schools in Kajara County; and, to establish the relationship between management styles and employee performance in selected primary schools in Kajara County. The study adopted a descriptive cross-sectional survey design based on questionnaires and interviews. A sample of 103 respondents was considered and this was selected using purposive sampling and simple random sampling. The study used both primary and secondary data sources in data collection. Questionnaires and an interview guide were used to collect primary data from the field. From the supported material and results of the study it was observed that there was a significant relationship or link between management styles and employee performance. This study found that different management styles were exhibited by the managements of primary school and these styles had positive effect on employee performance. What this means is that managers are very particular about getting results and only motivate employees to give their best in order to increase productivity. However, it was also observed that there was very little or minimal style of democratic and participatory management exhibited and this negatively impacted on performance. This probably suggests that managements act with strict internal rules to achieve results and the fact that the practice in primary school is also not democratic-style to validate this. To ensure the organization’s survival and performance, employees of primary schools need to be motivated to go beyond ordinary expectations by appealing to their higher order needs and moral values. This requires Participatory styles of management. It is also recommended that regular performance feedback should be encouraged across all levels of the organization since from the analysis it shows that it has one of the strongest significant measures for the overall job performance. Finally, it was found that management styles has direct relationship with employee output and that depending on the style exhibited by the managers in an organization, productivity is either enhanced or stalled . Whereas tasks are important for the day-to-day survival of the organization, developing people and teams are important for the long-range performance of the organization. Thus, it should be extremely important for primary schools to balance their management styles to equally reflect much interest in people in their pursuit to enhance employee performance and have competitive advantage.
A Research Report Submitted to the Directorate of Postgraduate Training for the Partial Fulfilment for the Award of Master of Arts in Education Management of Kabale University August
Management Style , Employee Performance , Primary Schools