Browsing by Author "Mesharch, W. Katusiimeh"
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Item Open AccessThe neglected governance challenges of solid waste management in Uganda: Insights from a newly created City of Mbarara(African Journal of Governance and Public Leadership (AJoGPL), 2022) Mesharch, W. Katusiimeh; Boaz, Nabimanya; Derrick, Komwangie challenges of rapid urbanization threaten governance of many urban centers especially in developing countries. However, to achieve these challenges, the gaps in governance of waste management need to be addressed. ere is no comprehensive analysis examining the governance related challenges in solid waste management (SWM) even when a large body of research indicates that governance issues are highly signi cant in the eff ective delivery services. is paper addresses this question: What solid waste management governance challenges must be addressed to avoid the problems of the past? is study was carried out in the City of Mbarara. A semi-structured in-depth interview was chosen as the method for qualitative data collection. In-depth interviews were administered to city solid waste managers, managers of private sector companies in SWM, political leaders especially local councilors and opinion leaders. ese respondents were purposely sampled. Findings reveal that the organization of solid waste management is poor exempli ed by weak capacity, poor implementation of laws and regulations, poor record management, misappropriation of funds among others. ere is therefore need to strengthen capacity ( nancial, institutional, technological and infrastructural) to drive environmentally solid waste management practices for sustainable solid waste management. Item Open AccessNomination Violence in Uganda's National Resistance Movement(African Affairs, 2021) Anne, Mette Kjaer; Mesharch, W. KatusiimehInstitutional explanations of intra-party violence rarely address political economy dynamics shaping the institutions in question, and therefore they fail to understand their emergence and their stability. Specifically, focusing on institutional factors alone does not enable a nuanced understanding of candidate nomination violence and why some constituencies are peaceful while others are violent. This article theorizes nomination violence in dominant-party systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Drawing on political settlement theory, it examines the nature of nomination violence in Uganda’s October 2015 National Resistance Movement (NRM) primaries. We argue that the violence is a constitutive part of Uganda’s political settlement under the NRM. Nomination procedures remain weak in order for the NRM ruling elite to include multiple factions that compete for access while being able to intervene in the election process when needed. This means, in turn, that violence tends to become particularly prominent in constituencies characterized by proxy wars, where competition between local candidates is reinforced by a conflict among central-level elites in the president’s inner circle. We call for the proxy war thesis to be tested in case studies of other dominant parties’ nomination processes.