Browsing by Author "Godfrey, Barigye"
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- ItemAfrican Indigenous Medicine Activities in Mbarara Municipality, Uganda(International Journal of Research in Sociology and Anthropology, 2019) Godfrey, BarigyeSome African indigenous medicine healers and neo-liberalists have misused the cherished objectives of community values and turned it into witch-craft characterized with human sacrifice, money extortion, and many more evil related practices. The study was on activities of traditional indigenous knowledge in Mbarara Municipality, Uganda. It was established that most African indigenous healers were mainly practicing herbalism, midwifery/traditional birth attendance, spirituality/foretelling, bone-setters, snake poison healers and rain-makers. The African indigenous healers were in the age group of 40 years and above, had an educational level of secondary, most of them were females, who were Banyankore, Baganda, Congolese and Swahili, and were married. Most of the beneficiaries of African indigenous medicine were farmers and Banyankore by tribe. It was concluded that African indigenous medicine practices and systems of local people are interactive technology whose dissemination is feasible, efficient, and cost-effective when learnt from village-level experts.
- ItemCommunity Development in the Rural Areas through Traditional Indigenous Knowledge(International Journal of Research in Sociology and Anthropology, 2019) Godfrey, Barigye; Siraje, KaayaThe desire to change the community is buttressed in its sustainability and equitability through imperative and rationale of community governance and knowledge-ability. The rural setting is characterized by the agrarian setting: peasants, pastoralists, fishermen, hunters and gatherers. These people depend on land practices for sustenance through agriculture (crop and animals). Also, the rural area is seen as the place where the elderly, disabled, victims of war, unemployed, drug addicts and those with poor political governance reside. Such vulnerability reflects lack of buffers against contingencies to social conventions, disasters, physical incapacity, unproductivity and exploitation; low living people/ the marginalized. The paradigm shift in practice of activities for community change in the rural setting entails appraisal, analysis, planning, experimenting, implementing, monitoring and evaluation that leads to sustainable development through and use of traditional indigenous knowledge. Community mobilization brings together people to pursue common interests by creating a sense of unity, ownership and self–control. The process gets people to overcome their differences, to begin dialogue on an equal basis and to determine issues that affect their community, enabling communities especially the poor and other marginalized groups to participate, negotiate, demand, change and hold accountable institutions that affect their livelihoods and well-being, ease access to community- driven development. Increased indigenous technologies, approaches and methods in the rural areas improve peoples’ visual representation of their knowledge, judgment and preference. They tend to increase commitment and enthusiasm to generate consensus. This progressive change is synonymous with sustainable development designed to improve the economic and social means that the total stock of environment (resources) be put into use in socio-economic and other related aspects to satisfy human needs.
- ItemCommunity management and sustainability of Gravity water flow scheme in Uganda, A Case of Rubanda District.(International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research, 2020) David, Otika; Fabian, Mwosi; Eton, Marus; Benard, Patrick Ogwel; Godfrey, BarigyeThe study investigated community management and sustainability of gravity water flow scheme in Rubanda district, Uganda. The study adopted a cross sectional survey and descriptive research design. A descriptive research design was helpful in establishing how community management is essential in ensuring sustainability of the gravity water flow schemes in Rubanda. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were employed in collecting and analyzing data, which was collected in a snapshot interaction between the researcher and field respondents. The study applied convenient sampling technique to select water users and water committee members. The study established that Community management appeared very insignificant in contributing to sustainability of gravity flow schemes. Efforts to incorporate gender in sustainability have yielded almost nothing. The government does not have adequate staffing to provide repairs and maintenance of rural water , the communities are able to mobilize funds for repairs and maintenance of water facilities but are not good at attracting external funding. The study recommends that Government, through its water and sanitation department at the district level should consider employing technical staff in water management to provide standby services to rural water communities. Community leadership should consider involvement of women in water management, as they are the most important users of the water facilities. Government, NGOs and private sector should train communities in fundraising, proposal writing so as to attract external funding for supporting sustainability of water facilities.
- ItemFinancial Inclusion and Economic Growth in Uganda A case study of selected districts in Western Uganda(International Journal of Advances in Scientific Research and Engineering, 2019) Eton, Marus; Gilbert, Uwonda; Fabian, Mwosi; Godfrey, Barigye; Benard, Patrick OgwelThe study was conducted to examine the role of financial inclusion in economic growth basing on selected districts from western Uganda. The researchers adopted a cross-sectional survey design and both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in data collection and analysis. The study used simple random and purposive sampling techniques to select a total of 194 respondents. The findings revealed that financial inclusion is significant in supporting economic growth; it upholds equitable distribution of growth benefits, transforms peoples’ way of living, enhances capital creation and empowers people to go for financial services that are germane to their needs. The study indicated that Uganda’s population living below the poverty line is falling, which sounds precise in the context of national income but very unseemly in the context of household income. While there are indicators of reduced constraints to accessing to working capital, reduced constraints to accessing financial services, effective use of economic resources to produce goods and services, those in business do not see the efficacy by government agendas geared to supporting international trade or investment. The study, therefore, recommends that there is a need for the government to review and redesign her policies on international trade business and support for homegrown investments. There is a need for quantitative metrics to ascertain the extent to which household income is proportional to national income. Several papers have recommended government interventions in financial accessibility.
- ItemGreening Business through Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services(International Journal of Research in Sociology and Anthropology (IJRSA), 2019) Godfrey, Barigye; Siraje, KaayaAs the World engages in a period of post-war reconstruction, cross-border channels of communication are integrated in environmental care and protection. With most citizens getting exposed to the stark geopolitical and cross-cultural imbalances, actors have emerged on the scene seeking local knowledge and technical skills of environmental care. Consequently, it becomes crucial for scholars and professionals in the region to engage in academic and professional discourses to analyze and examine the importance of environmental care by greening business through biodiversity and ecosystem services. Waste is generated at several stages in the production and consumption process: the earlier waste reduction is applied, the more efficient and sustainable results are achieved (Eco-analysis). Sanitation is a new approach through which systematic sanitation services are built and delivered to the community. Unhygienic sanitary facilities for excreta disposal, poor management of solid and liquid wastes and inadequate hygienic practices are responsible for a large portion of disease burden. Sound environmental health conditions are a key pre-requisite to enhance quality of life, to impact positively on sustainable economic growth and to reduce poverty. To increase sanitation coverage the policy can build upon scalable sanitary achievements. The key challenge is therefore to combine sensitization with targeted support for infrastructure development in order to bring sanitation coverage to scale and agro-forestry as an ecosystem.
- ItemManagement Control System and Financial Performance of Micro Finance Institutions in Central Region Uganda(International Journal of Research, 2019) Arthur, Sunday; Caleb, Tamwesigire; Caroline Masiko, Murezi; George Stanley, Kinyata; Godfrey, Barigye; Keneth, Nuwagira; Moses, AgabaMicrofinance institutions (MFIs) worldwide have been seen and identified as a vital institution to nations’ quest for solutions to the development challenge (CGAP, 2016). Micro finance in Uganda is a vibrant growing industry and the government of Uganda has over the past decade initiated implemented and or supported various micro credit schemes aimed at fighting poverty in the country. Microfinance has evolved by providing micro credits to respond to the furthermost financial and non-financial needs of the citizens, to eradicate poverty and increase financial inclusion. Most studies undertaken in the past few years have focused mainly on outreach of MFI’s and their impact on profitability and not on internal control system and lack of clarity on the extent to which internal control system influences financial performance (Narver, 2007) will therefore continue to inhibit common understanding and explanation which might deter performance improvement in Ugandan microfinance institutions. Failure by MFIs to monitor portfolio quality closely and take action when necessary and this has threatened the going concern of microfinance industry in Uganda. The study analyzed the relationship between Management control system and financial performance of MFIs in central region Uganda and it was hypothesized that Management control system positively influences financial performance of MFIs in central region Uganda. MFIs have come under spotlight for cases of poor financial performance. Lack of empirical studies to assess the impact of Management control system on the financial performance of microfinance institutions in Uganda is the motivation behind this study. Therefore, this study is important not only because it fills the gap, but also it is set out to address this evident knowledge gap. The study adopted positive-phenomenological, epistemology and quantitative-qualitative methodology dimension with cross sectional and correlation designs, the unit of analysis was Microfinance Institutions registered with Association of Microfinance Institutions, and employees were the units of inquiry. Structural Equations Modeling with Analysis of Moment Structures were used to for statistical modeling Besides, Hierarchical regression was used to test the predictive power of the variables and indicate precisely what happens to the model as different predictor variables are introduced in the model fit. This study revealed that two of the predictor variables are strong predictors of financial performance of MFIs. The study further revealed that Management control system was found to be strongly and positively correlated with financial performance. And Management control system elements were found to be positive predictors of financial performance. The present study supported a multi-theoretic approach in explaining financial performance of MFIs in Uganda. The study supports the stewardship theory in explaining the controls system together with stakeholder as the theories that help in explaining financial performance of MFIs. The study confirmed efficient control system factor structure of observed variables and the latent variables. As a result, the study provided models for efficient Management control systems. These models can then be used to provide a trajectory for improving financial performance of MFIs in Uganda .Regardless of the existence of controls in MFI, the results revealed that Management control systems were less efficient due to lack of close monitoring. It recommended that MFIs should enhance controls to ensure that resources are obtained and used effectively and efficiently in the accomplishment of the organization’s goals .Policy makers, AMFIU, PSFU and MFIs may use these findings as a way of improving financial performance of MFIs in Uganda since the MFIs are great contributors to the Ugandan economy