Browsing by Author "George Stanley, Kinyata"
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- ItemAnalysis of Monetary Policy Objectives as Applied to Uganda’s Economy: The Dream to Achieve the Middle-Income Status in 2020 is Gone(International Journal of Research in Engineering, IT and Social Sciences, 2020) George Stanley, Kinyata; Nafiu, Lukman AbiodunThis article analyses the effects of monetary policies in terms of monetary objectives, and instruments which are used by most monetary authorities to manage the requirements of the country’s economy and how they influence economic activities of the country. The study is centered on four policy objectives which Bank of Uganda has been using namely; full employment, price stability which includes controlling inflation and economic fluctuations, economic growth and maintenance of balance of payment equilibrium. The instruments which are bank rates, open market operations, change in reserve ratios and selective credit controls used by the central bank are dealt with in this study. Though the economic growth figures of Uganda’s economy have been in the range of 3.0 % to 6.1 % for many years, this has not demonstrated the general growth of income of Ugandans during the same period. According to the World Bank in 2019, Uganda with its population of over 42 million people has a gross domestic product of US $ 33.6 million and is placed number 3 after Kenya and Tanzania. However, in economic growth, it is number 4, after Rwanda, Tanzania and Kenya respectively. This questions the ability of the country to achieve the middle-income status by 2020 as had been predicted. The weaknesses in implementation of the monetary objectives which caused the government failure to achieve Uganda’s goal and finally the important strategies and areas which Uganda should use to generate high rates of economic growth to transfer in the economy and maintain macroeconomic stability are recommended in this aricle.
- ItemChallenges and Marketing Strategies for Young African Universities(International Journal of Research in Sociology and Anthropology (IJRSA), 2018) George Stanley, Kinyata; Siraje, KaayaThe article shows the challenges young Universities meet, particularly African Universities and also how they change their tactics to win these battles and to survive and flourish in the changing world. The Challenges shown in this article which many Universities have faced over the past four decades have resulted in important transformations in the scope of their mission, governance and relations with wider national, regional and global economics and societies. This article spells out these challenges, threats and strategies to continuously improve their programs, teaching, and provision of learning facilities and to find the right way to the Black Box of the consumer (students and other stakeholders). The article puts more emphases on marketing strategies of African Universities in their journey to excel generation and dissemination of relevant knowledge and skills development for lifelong learning and community service. The article shows how the education industry is facing lots of challenges and how marketing is the way that helps to reduce the costs of Education, increases the number of high achieving students and help Universities to boost their position in the Market, helps to elevate the brand and reputation. Lastly the article talks about the growth, the impact and importance of University rankings which is a key contemporary issue in strategic management of higher education. Rankings are highly based on research outcomes though there are more institutions worldwide which are not considered in these ranking criteria because they are more teaching oriented and concentrate on Arts and Social Sciences. Rankings are used either as performance Indicators or as tools for choosing places of study. These rankings should take into consideration of the establishment period of Universities. The article advises young Universities how to think globally to find the right way to global competition.
- ItemChallenges in the Implementation of Fiscal Decentralization and It’s Effects on the Health Sector in Uganda(International Journal of Research in Sociology and Anthropology (IJRSA, 2018) George Stanley, Kinyata; Siraje, KaayaAbstract: This article was written to show how decentralized services such as health do not match with adequate financial resources for Local Governments to deliver health services effectively in Uganda. The study reviews various writers on fiscal decentralization Programmes and high lights the problems affecting Uganda’s Health sector service delivery. The Main issues of concern regarding Fiscal decentralization and social economic development are tax jurisdiction, expenditure responsibilities and resource allocation. The study was conducted to assess the impact of Fiscal decentralization process on social economic development in Uganda and it focused on challenges affecting health sector and why such policy has failed to reduce poverty and inequality of the people of Uganda. The Study was based on the resource dependency theory by Ram Mudambi (2010), which posits that power is based on control of resources that are considered strategic within the organization and is often expressed in terms of budget and resource allocation. The effects of citizens participation in planning and budgeting needs the access to resources which are in most cases controlled by the national governments. The article describes the structural and reforms in Uganda’s health Sector Services and it assess its performance. This article shows how participatory monitoring and evaluation is critical in financial accountability and how lack of multiplicity of financial resources still undermine planning and target setting in Uganda. The article discusses how abolition of graduated personal Tax left local governments with limited finances to deliver services. This reduced the autonomy of local governments and health care services in rural areas remain out of reach of the people and fiscal decentralization has not led to improved services. The article recommends the review of the fiscal decentralization Act to empower local governments in resource mobilization and in decision making regarding funds from the central government.
- ItemA feasibility of land consolidation in kigezi region, south western Uganda: a solution to land fragmentation, land shortage, farmer’s productivity and economic development(Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal, 2021) George Stanley, Kinyata; Nafiu, Lukman AbiodunThe cooperative societies which have existed in Uganda for a longtime have been mainly on Agricultural products and marketing and not necessarily on land use management and productivity. This article therefore, is about land use management and the reverse of the effects of land fragmentation and their related problems such as land conflicts, population pressure, poverty, productivity, and land scarcity and the solutions to these problems. The idea of land consolidation is being introduced in the article as putting together plots or pieces of land which exist in Kigezi Region, with the aim of making them economically viable and more productive per unit of investment. This need not change the amount of land owned and controlled by individuals, and therefore not necessarily an instrument of social justice but an answer to land scarcity and fragmentation in Kigezi Region. The article compares the benefits of the land under fragmentation and the land under consolidation systems and recommends strategies to transform Kigezi Region’s informal and subsistence farming system to modern, commercial agriculture to achieve food security and increase incomes of the population and economic development of the area.
- ItemKabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ)(Kabale University, 2022) Siraje, Kaaya; George Stanley, KinyataInternationally, researchers and scientists are known for creating, sharing and utilizing information to further the body of knowledge in their disciplines. In a bid to continue promoting the research agenda, the Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ) as a platform for disseminating research findings, routinely accepts high quality original research articles, letters and commentaries on a wide range of disciplines including but not limited to education, social sciences, agriculture and environment sciences, economics and management sciences, medicine and the engineering sciences among others. The main aim of the Journal is to disseminate high quality and impactful publications that benefits society nationally and globally. The 3rd issue, volume 3 of the KURJ, is published with 8 papers which cover different issues of national, regional and global concern. The papers include: Reverse logistics and environmental sustainability in selected manufacturing entities in Kampala district, Uganda; Antiplasmodial compounds from Millettia dura; Resource mobilisation and allocation priorities on knowledge production in universities in Uganda: an empirical study; Epidemiology and causes of common soccer injuries during university games in Uganda; Micro-credit institution’s services and sustainability of micro, small and medium-scale enterprises during Covid-19 pandemic in Kigezi region south western Uganda; Transformational Leadership style and occupational stress among primary School Teachers in Tanzania; Citrus fruit farmers’ Adaptation Capacities to Climate Variability in Ngora district, Eastern Uganda; Developing metacognition in pre-primary childhood education in Nigeria and Uganda; and Mentorship and supervision in Ugandan higher education Institutions universities: challenges and prospects. The above articles will inform not only academics in these disciplines, but also policy and decision makers.
- ItemKabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ)(Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ), 2022-07) Kaaya, Siraje; George Stanley, KinyataThe 3rd issue, volume 3 of the KURJ, is published with 8 papers which cover different issues of national, regional and global concern. The papers include: Reverse logistics and environmental sustainability in selected manufacturing entities in Kampala district, Uganda; Antiplasmodial compounds from Millettia dura; Resource mobilisation and allocation priorities on knowledge production in universities in Uganda: an empirical study; Epidemiology and causes of common soccer injuries during university games in Uganda; Micro-credit institution’s services and sustainability of micro, small and medium-scale enterprises during Covid-19 pandemic in Kigezi region south western Uganda; Transformational Leadership style and occupational stress among primary School Teachers in Tanzania; Citrus fruit farmers’ Adaptation Capacities to Climate Variability in Ngora district, Eastern Uganda; Developing metacognition in pre-primary childhood education in Nigeria and Uganda; and Mentorship and supervision in Ugandan higher education Institutions universities: challenges and prospects. The above articles will inform not only academics in these disciplines, but also policy and decision makers.
- ItemKabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ)(Kabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal, 2021) Siraje, Kaaya; George Stanley, KinyataKabale University Interdisciplinary Research Journal (KURJ) is a multidisciplinary journal accepting high quality original research articles, letters and commentaries on a wide range of disciplines. KURJ intends to bridge the gap between research and innovation within the University environment and to bring to fore a multidisciplinary university based journal that can be used for disseminating high quality and impactful publications
- ItemManagement Control System and Financial Performance of Micro Finance Institutions in Central Region Uganda(International Journal of Research, 2019) Arthur, Sunday; Caleb, Tamwesigire; Caroline Masiko, Murezi; George Stanley, Kinyata; Godfrey, Barigye; Keneth, Nuwagira; Moses, AgabaMicrofinance institutions (MFIs) worldwide have been seen and identified as a vital institution to nations’ quest for solutions to the development challenge (CGAP, 2016). Micro finance in Uganda is a vibrant growing industry and the government of Uganda has over the past decade initiated implemented and or supported various micro credit schemes aimed at fighting poverty in the country. Microfinance has evolved by providing micro credits to respond to the furthermost financial and non-financial needs of the citizens, to eradicate poverty and increase financial inclusion. Most studies undertaken in the past few years have focused mainly on outreach of MFI’s and their impact on profitability and not on internal control system and lack of clarity on the extent to which internal control system influences financial performance (Narver, 2007) will therefore continue to inhibit common understanding and explanation which might deter performance improvement in Ugandan microfinance institutions. Failure by MFIs to monitor portfolio quality closely and take action when necessary and this has threatened the going concern of microfinance industry in Uganda. The study analyzed the relationship between Management control system and financial performance of MFIs in central region Uganda and it was hypothesized that Management control system positively influences financial performance of MFIs in central region Uganda. MFIs have come under spotlight for cases of poor financial performance. Lack of empirical studies to assess the impact of Management control system on the financial performance of microfinance institutions in Uganda is the motivation behind this study. Therefore, this study is important not only because it fills the gap, but also it is set out to address this evident knowledge gap. The study adopted positive-phenomenological, epistemology and quantitative-qualitative methodology dimension with cross sectional and correlation designs, the unit of analysis was Microfinance Institutions registered with Association of Microfinance Institutions, and employees were the units of inquiry. Structural Equations Modeling with Analysis of Moment Structures were used to for statistical modeling Besides, Hierarchical regression was used to test the predictive power of the variables and indicate precisely what happens to the model as different predictor variables are introduced in the model fit. This study revealed that two of the predictor variables are strong predictors of financial performance of MFIs. The study further revealed that Management control system was found to be strongly and positively correlated with financial performance. And Management control system elements were found to be positive predictors of financial performance. The present study supported a multi-theoretic approach in explaining financial performance of MFIs in Uganda. The study supports the stewardship theory in explaining the controls system together with stakeholder as the theories that help in explaining financial performance of MFIs. The study confirmed efficient control system factor structure of observed variables and the latent variables. As a result, the study provided models for efficient Management control systems. These models can then be used to provide a trajectory for improving financial performance of MFIs in Uganda .Regardless of the existence of controls in MFI, the results revealed that Management control systems were less efficient due to lack of close monitoring. It recommended that MFIs should enhance controls to ensure that resources are obtained and used effectively and efficiently in the accomplishment of the organization’s goals .Policy makers, AMFIU, PSFU and MFIs may use these findings as a way of improving financial performance of MFIs in Uganda since the MFIs are great contributors to the Ugandan economy
- ItemManufacturing Export Performance: A Trend Analysis Approach(INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS AND INFORMATICS, 2021) Nafiu, Lukman Abiodun; George Stanley, KinyataThe study examined the export performance using a trend analysis approach. A graphical demonstration showing the trend of export performance in Nigeria over time was displayed. It also identifies the major determinants of manufacture exports in Nigeria using ordinary least square approach which shows that an increase in the average tariff rate would lead to a decline in the manufacturing exports and its statistically significant at the 5% level of significance. Capacity utilization has a negative and insignificant with manufactured exports. Also, there is a positive and significant relationship between exchange rate and trade openness at 1 and 5% level of significance respectively.
- ItemStatistical Analysis of Informal Settlements and Environmental Management in Mbale Municipality, Uganda(International Journal of Research in Engineering, IT and Social Sciences, 2020) Mustafe, Hassan Abdi; Nafiu, Lukman Abiodun; George Stanley, KinyataThe study examined the impact of informal settlement on environmental management. Selfadministered questionnaire and interview guide were used to gather information from one hundred and forty-five household respondents and seven key informants in Namatala ward. The data collected were then analysed with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The study identified the socioeconomic effects of informal settlements which include road inaccessibility, poor waste collection, and poor waste disposal, inadequate open space for dumping, and rapid production of waste and community conflicts. Results indicated that environmental management in informal settlements depend on community role. Findings have shown that a strong positive relationship exist between community role and environmental management which is statistically significant. Results have also revealed that community role and education level of community have 42.2% effect on environmental management in informal settlement which is statistically significant. The study recommends that community should play roles in managing the environment and identify possible strategies to improve environmental management in informal settlements. Therefore, there is a need to sensitize the local community on environmental education in order to improve environmental management in informal settlements. Local governments should implement community infrastructure upgrading. NGOs and local governments need to conduct domestic waste minimization campaign. There is also need to provide economic incentives to the poor in urban community. Local officials at all levels should cooperate so as to make easy the inspection of developments during construction.