Browsing by Author "Francis Akena, Adyanga"
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- ItemCritical Analysis of the Production of Western Knowledge and Its Implications for Indigenous Knowledge and Decolonization(Journal of Black Studies, 2012) Francis Akena, AdyangaThere has been a persistent contest among contemporary scholars over what is considered legitimate knowledge. This contest has implications on ways of knowing, organizing society, and responding to environmental challenges. The Western education system is a hybrid of different knowledge, adopted through European global expansion, to enrich our learning in formal educational settings. This article examines the production of Western knowledge and its validation, imposition, and effects on indigenous people and their knowledge. The author argues that there is a relationship between knowledge producers and their motives with the society in which they live. This relationship influences what is considered “legitimate knowledge” in society, politics, and economy in non-Western contexts.
- ItemDepictions Of Environmental Destruction By British Colonizers In Ole Kulets “The Hunter” and “Vanishing Herds”(American Research Journal of Humanities & Social Science (ARJHSS), 2022) Johnson, Ocan; Francis Akena, AdyangaThis article examines the ecological legacy of 70 years of British colonial rule in Kenya and to identify some of the ecological challenges faced by the post-colonial Kenyan state, which are reflected in the rapid depletion of the country's forest cover, the alarming loss of the country's wildlife heritage, accentuated by the threat of poaching and human-wildlife conflict. Central to the ecological challenges facing the country is the colonial dispossession of land owned by indigenous communities, effectively distorting and alienating the communities from their indigenous ecological ethics (IEE). Therefore, consistent with our analysis, we conclude that while the country grapples with the thorny issue of environmental degradation, sound ecological policies must be put in place that recognize the validity of indigenous ecological ethics, which have been debased under British colonialism. In the article, the study examines the depiction of characters and characterizations in relation to ecology using the renown post-colonial African literature novels ‘Vanishing Herds’ and ‘The Hunter’.
- ItemThe Discourse of Non-Citizens Expulsion Reinvigorated: Examination of Racial Undertones in Asians Expulsion from Uganda in 1972(African Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Research, 2021) Francis Akena, Adyanga; Eton, Marus; Ayiga, NatalThe expulsion of non-citizens from countries around the globe is not a new phenomenon. In Africa, there have been numerous documented and undocumented cases after the continent acquired political independence in the 1960’s. In the critical antiracist study, forceful expulsion of citizens of another country may constitute racism. However, our position in this paper is that expulsion of non-citizens for the interest of the host country is not necessarily a racial act. It is on this basis that we examine the expulsion of Asians from Uganda in 1972 and argue that the act, at the basic level of bigotry analysis may not have constituted racism. However, categorizing the Asians population in Uganda by then, the main argument in this paper justifies the expulsion for certain groups on one hand. But on the other hand, we admonish the Uganda government for collective expulsion of the Asians whose ancestors were brought in the country in the late 19th century to build the Uganda railway. Furthermore, the paper argues that as much as many of the Asians were second or third generations having been born in Uganda and were legal citizens, they do not fall within the category of indigenous population. Therefore, their expulsion based on indigeneity and correcting economic imbalance by then is racially unbiased and defensible.
- ItemFinancial Inclusion and Access to Higher Education An Empirical Study of Selected Districts in Eastern Uganda(European Journal of Business and Management, 2020) Eton, Marus; Sammy, Godfrey Poro; Denis, Sekiwu; Fabian, Mwosi; Francis Akena, AdyangaAccess to higher education has continuously been a challenge in Uganda. The research brought out the relationship between financial inclusion and access to higher education. Descriptive survey research design was adopted and the findings established that digital financing eases making deposits in banks, transacting via mobile money and switching from one bank to the other. Students find it easy to deposit tuition in the bank just as they find it easy to access money via mobile money. While financial inclusion makes financial services available in the economy, students, especially those from low-income families find difficulty accessing a wider range of these products, which hinders their access to higher education. The study also establishes that a good number of students fail to meet admission requirements. Since students from low-income families attend high schools of low quality, they have insufficient understanding of some subjects, and thus unable to join higher education. Online registration and payment, students’ decision not to join, peer influence, and rigidity of university programs; are deeply flawed to limit accessing higher education. However, financial services remain accessible to rich individuals who demonstrate ability to pay. The study recommends that the government of Uganda through the concerned ministry should review the implementation of their policies on Students loan scheme and district quota systems. The government should always publish the lists of students admitted to higher education institutions in popular media and newspapers to create awareness to those being admitted to particular institutions.
- ItemGender and performance disparity in mathematics: A study of South Western Uganda(African Educational Research Journal, 2020) Amos, Musimenta; Francis Akena, Adyanga; Denis, SekiwuGender has long been considered a factor contributing to differences in performance for male and female students in diverse educational disciplines and levels. Although male and female students are taught in the same classrooms in most Ugandan schools, there have been noticeable differences in Mathematics performance in national examinations across the country. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare male and female students’ performance in Mathematics and to establish factors accounting for the differences. Using the Mixed method design, a sample size of 222 participants was recruited. The major findings revealed that variation in Mathematics performance cannot be attributable to gender. The study deconstructs the common gender-biased assumption that girls are naturally a ‘weaker sex’ and hence likely to embrace subjects that are considered ‘soft’ such as language, literacy, communication skills, social sciences among others. Such assumptions commonly fronted inadvertently without considering possible negative consequences, are based on societal construction of social differences with no substantive evidence as demonstrated in this study.
- ItemThe Kabake Programme: Popular Education to Address Community Challeges in Acholi and Northern Uganda.(2019) Francis Akena, Adyanga
- ItemThe “Miss Curvy Uganda” pageant: representation, commodification and exploitation of women’s bodies(Social Semiotics, 2020) Francis Akena, AdyangaIn early February 2019, Godfrey Kiwanda, a Uganda Junior Minister of Tourism proposed a beauty pageant dubbed, “Miss Curvy Uganda,” to publicly showcase voluptuous Ugandan women as means of attracting foreign tourists to generate more foreign currency earnings. The proposal drew sharp criticisms that appeared in the national media, ecumenical community gatherings, and public forums across the country. Feminists, ecumenical and cultural communities reviled the expressed opinion of the Junior Minister to commodify human bodies in the twenty-first century world. All the critics, motivated by moral and cultural arguments, agree that exploiting human, particularly female bodies, for generating revenue is reprehensible as the practice denigrates and debases humanity. This paper presents the paradox of the pageantry within the politics of patriarchy that exploits showcasing female bodies for generating revenue as well as the transformation of contemporary conscience in a neoliberal post-colonial economy.
- ItemNyege Nyege Music Festival in Uganda: A Growing Leisure Activity with a Moral Dilemma(INTERNATIONAL LEISURE REVIEW, 2021) Amos, Ochieng; Brenda, Bonabaana; Francis Akena, AdyangaLaunched in December 2015, the Nyege Nyege musical festival has become a popular leisure tourism activity in Uganda attracting national and international participants. The festival involves an all-night event characterized by wild partying and diverse leisure activities usually lasting four days. Despite its growing popularity, the festival has received sharp criticisms in the national media and other public forums across the country. The barrage of attacks against the festival are premised on cultural, moral, and religious ground. Critics argue that Uganda being a strong cultural and religious conservative society should regulate (and restrict) leisure activities that deviate from the culturally and religiously acceptable moral behaviors and expectations. In this paper, we analyze the paradox of promoting Nyege Nyege music festival – a post-modern leisure practice within a morally sensitive environment. We argue that unregulated embracement of festivals expose society to foreign cultural influences of the so-called progressive contemporary neoliberal post-colonial leisure economy. This paper contributes to the body of knowledge on leisure and tourism with implications for unraveling its potential for diversification of tourism products in Uganda and the moral dilemmas that come with it.
- ItemRegional Integration, a Prospect for Development: Lessons from Rwanda's Experience in the East African Community(Peter Lang AG, 2019) Francis Akena, Adyanga