The Effect of Alcoholism on Food Security in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Bufundi Sub-County Rubanda District Uganda.
This study focused on the effect of alcoholism on food security in rural areas of Bufundi Sub-County, Rubanda District, Uganda. The study employed a Descriptive research design. The study findings indicate that there causes of alcoholism were Stressed mind, Leisure, Environment, Illiteracy level of community members, Peer influence, Poverty, and Religious beliefs. It was found that peer influence was due to youth who don't want to engage in other economic activities like agriculture and they resort to bars. 20% of the respondents agreed that poverty was the major cause of alcoholism in Bufundi Sub-County. Most of the youth end up drinking alcohol due to peer pressure from fellow friends. The findings of the study indicate that there were effects of alcoholism on food security among the communities including loss of income, Malnutrition among children, Family conflict, marital dissatisfaction, and higher levels of famine among the community members. The majority of the respondents that were interviewed reported that loss of income which was at 35% was a major effect of alcoholism on food security in Bufundi Sub-County. The findings of the study indicate that there were possible intervention mechanisms for ending alcoholism in the communities including; Increasing alcohol prices, Restricting alcohol outlets, Controlling alcohol advertising and promotion, Better Education and communication, Working with the alcohol industry, government involvement, and Community participation. Respondents who were interviewed revealed that increasing beer prices would be the best mechanism to reduce alcoholism among community members. The study recommends that; there is a need to enormously implement government policies such as the New Alcohol Control Bill 2016 of the Liquor Act, Cap. 93 which prohibits the selling of alcohol anywhere in Uganda to persons below 18 years without a license and this will reduce alcoholic beverage to the community members which reduces their income.
Effect, Alcoholism, Food Security, Rural Areas, Bufundi Sub-County, Rubanda District, Uganda
Natukunda, Ruth (2023). The Effect of Alcoholism on Food Security in Rural Areas: A Case Study of Bufundi Sub-County Rubanda District Uganda. Kabale: Kabale University.