Factors associated with iron deficiency aneamia among pregnant women at Chuk hospital in Kigali, Rwanda
Mercy Nwankwo, Chinenye
Hashim Abdullahi, Fardosa
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Iron is a vital element in all aerobic organisms, and it plays critical role in pregnancy owing to the increased demand for blood for the growing foetus and placenta. This research assessed deficiency anaemia in pregnancy, dietary practices and influencing factors among pregnant women in CHUK Hospital. It adopted descriptive survey approach on the pregnant antenatal care clinic services among 93 respondents from 121 attendants. It Involved the use of primary and secondary data collected through systematic reviews, records and survey. The validated tool used to seek required information. The results showed that socioeconomic influence with p-value of 0,006129 in proportion of women in the study with iron deficiency anaemia. Similar statistical significant relationship 0.029136 was found with dietary practices in proportion to women in the study with iron deficiency anaemia. In conclusion, appropriate programme regime for combatting the deficiency during pregnancy period might be too short period to manage iron deficiency anaemia. Socio-economic elements contributed to iron deficiency anaemia among pregnant women attending CHUK Hospital. A balanced diet, rich in proteins, iron and vitamins from good sources like liver, meat, eggs, green peas, figs, beans, whole wheat and green bananas remains very critical in tackling iron deficiency anaemia problem among the pregnant women. Indeed, dietary practices can therefore be concluded to be associated with IDA in pregnant women attending ANC services at CHUK Hospital. Individual level factors such as physical activities was found to be beneficial to pregnant women; however, it was also noted that pregnant women with specific conditions should always seek approval from their health officers before engaging in any physical activities.