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- ItemA Gate Design at Nyabikoni Campus Kabale University.(Kabale University, 2020) Gumisiriza, BensonKabale university faculty of engineering is an institution of higher learning education which prepares and enables its students to carry out projects in different groups. This is done purposely to give knowledge to students about what is done in practical. Therefore, in compliance with the above mentioned above, my project was based on the gate design at Faculty of Engineering, Kabale University.
- ItemA Gate Design Project.(Kabale University, 2020) Mugume, CharlesKabale university faculty of engineering is an institution of higher learning education which prepares and enables the students to carry out projects in different groups. this is done purposely to give knowledge to students about what is done in practical. Therefore, in compliance with the above mentioned above, my project was based on the gate design at faculty of engineering, Kabale university.
- ItemA Project Report on the Work Carried out on the Medical Clinic At Nyabikoni Campus Kabale University.(Kabale University, 2020) Kemigisha, GloriaThe information contained in this report is based on the work l physically did as a project, my personal research using the many available resources and interactions l had with different experts on our faculty of engineering and technology. My field of study was to design a medical clinic which encompassed the different activities involved in designing a faculty medical clinic right from inception to completion of my project period. I was basically involved in fixing mounting boards, ply word, applying Novico wood glue among others. However, this did not limit me to my project, l was also involved in developing drawing a with auto card 2017 and arch card 2019. Generally, the project was a big success because of the broad information and practical knowledge received.
- ItemAdoption of Biogas Technology to Ordinary Pit Latrines in Uganda.(2022) Kibet BensonThe highest population of Ugandans live in rural areas. This segment of population is mainly dependent on use of biomass consisting of firewood, charcoal, straw, crop residues to meet its energy demand for cooking and other domestic needs. The aim of this project is to provide detailed analysis of how to generate biogas energy from ordinary pit latrine. To achieve this, the existing pit latrines were first studied, and then different biogas technologies were also studied. An appropriate technology was then selected and the design equations covering the volume of the digester, inlet and outlet chambers were developed considering the shape of the digester. The final layout ofbiogas pit latrine was developed. This study was motivated due to inefficient exploitation ofbiogas from ordinary pit latrines. The developed layout ofbiogas pit latrine has been found to be appropriate for biogas production using human waste as substrate. Proper sealing of the gas storage facility is emphasized to avoid leakage and occasional maintenance is highly encouraged.
- ItemAdoption of Biogas Technology to Ordinary Pit Latrines in Uganda.(Kabale University, 2022) Kibet, BensonThe highest population of Ugandans live in rural areas. This segment of population is mainly dependent on use of biomass consisting of firewood, charcoal, straw, crop residues to meet its energy demand for cooking and other domestic needs. The aim of this project is to provide detailed analysis of how to generate biogas energy from ordinary pit latrine. To achieve this, the existing pit latrines were first studied, and then different biogas technologies were also studied. An appropriate technology was then selected and the design equations covering the volume of the digester, inlet and outlet chambers were developed considering the shape of the digester. The final layout of biogas pit latrine was developed. This study was motivated due to inefficient exploitation of biogas from ordinary pit latrines. The developed layout ofbiogas pit latrine has been found to be appropriate for biogas production using human waste as substrate. Proper sealing of the gas storage facility is emphasized to avoid leakage and occasional maintenance is highly encouraged.
- ItemAinemukama, Fredinando (2022). Assessing the Impact of Covid-19 on Tourism Activities in Kisoro Region: A Case Study Of Kisoro Municipality.(Kabale University, 2022) Ainemukama, FredinandoThe general objective of this study was assessing the impact of COVID-19 on tourism activities in Kisoro region. This study adopted the descriptive and exploratory research methodology. The target population consisted of 220 respondents, 110 respondents were selected as sample size. Questionnaires and interviews methods were used to collect data. The findings revealed that 80.0% of the respondents have had education on COVID-19, While 20.0% of the respondents stated that they have not received education on COVID-19. Basing on the above findings, it's evident that majority of the respondents have received education on COVID-19. majority of the respondents agreed that COVID-19 disorganized many tourism activities that led to closure of hotels and loss of human capital in the beginning of the pandemic in Kisoro Municipality. The study concludes that COVID 19 has led to increased poverty as many people lost their jobs. As travels were canceled and tourists reduced in numbers, tour companies were forced to stop some of their employees from working hence creating poverty.
- ItemAnalysis of Power Quality Issues in Induction Motors.(Kabale University, 2021) Nazziwa, EvalyneThis project is about the analysis of power quality issues in induction motor machines that was carried out at Kigezi highland tea factory. Power quality problems have been a major concern particularly in this factory, where there are many large-scale type of motor equipment. Thus, it was useful to investigate and mitigate the power quality problems. Assessment of Power quality required the identification of any anomalous behavior on a power system, which adversely affects the normal operation of electrical motors. A power quality assessment involved gathering data resources; analyzing the data (with reference to power quality standards); then, if problems exist, a suitable recommendation or mitigation techniques was considered. Economic cost of Power Quality problems is huge particularly in this factory. The cost includes production loss, damage to expensive equipment, salary cost, restart cost. The suggested solution to the problem is depicted in the methodology where measurement of voltage, current and frequency values that helped to determine the suitable solution. Measuring instruments such as digital panel multimeter, voltmeter were used to carry out the measurements. The results are used to determine the variations in voltage, current and frequency changes. Big frequency changes and higher currents and voltages bring about shut down of the machines which stop production in the factory. Over voltage and current also causes the stress of insulation to electrical equipment and causes damage. Power quality problems i.e. the high voltages, high currents, frequency deviations have been my major concern and their impact on the industry equipment i.e. motors in particular. There were other disturbances that occurred during the survey i.e. voltage sag or voltage swell, under-voltage, temporary outage, and harmonics. Mitigation techniques were suggested to install passive harmonic filter to mitigate harmonic distortion, install a dynamic voltage restorer(DVR) to mitigate voltage disturbances and isolate all the sensitive and critical loads of kigezi highland factory feed them via uninterruptible power supplies (UPS). The research project ends with the conclusion and recommendation of the effective/economic mitigation techniques and the need for further studies.
- ItemAnalysis of the Variation of Vitamin C Content in Different Varieties of Passion Fruits from Kabale Central Market(Kabale University, 2021) Ssenoga, ReganIn Uganda, there are three commercially grown passion fruits namely the small purple Grandilla, the Yellow variety and the Kawanda hybrid. Industries which process passion fruits for juice and people who consume these varieties on market do not consider nutrient content while making preferences on the variety to use. They make choices basing on the color of the outer cover of the fruit and availability. This study analyses and the compares the nutrient content of the three common varieties of passion fruits common in Kabale Central Market. Samples of each of the three varieties were obtained and juice from each representative sample of the varieties was obtained and collected. The concentration of Vitamin C was determined quantitatively by iodometric titration. The study found out that the Yellow variety had high levels of Vitamin C, followed by the Kawanda hybrid, and the small purple Grandilla had the lowest content. However when the juice of the small purple Grandilla was mixed with that of the other varieties higher concentrations of Vitamin C were observed, hence mixtures of juice from the varieties can provide generally high vitamin C contents.
- ItemThe Application of ICT in Reference Service at Kabale University Library.(Kabale University, 2022) Aharimpisya, BarnabasThe study was about the application of ICT in reference service at Kabale University. The study was guided by specific objectives which included to determine the extent to which application of ICT are used for rendering reference services at Kabale University Library, to identify the constraints for effective application of ICT for reference services in Kabale University and to propose the strategies for improving application of ICT for reference services in Kabale University Library. The study adopted a descriptive design using a qualitative approach. The study considered a sample size of 15 library staff of Kabale University library. Both questionnaires and interview guides were used to collect data. The study findings indicated that information sharing, communication purposes, cataloguing and classification of library materials, issuing in and out of library materials (circulation), storage, retrieval and dissemination of information and e-resources trainings were applications of ICT use for rendering reference services at Kabale University Library. The study findings also indicated that inadequate hardware and software, unreliable power supply, internet breakdown with low internet bandwidth, technological phobia, low level of ICT skills and literacy and inadequate financial support were constraints for effective application of ICT for reference services at Kabale University. The study findings indicated that that training of library users, provision of internet services, availability of computer technology maintenance policy document, provision of current and up-dated computer technology equipment, providing user accounts for easy access of library resources and regular power supply were possible strategies for improving application of ICT for reference services in Kabale University Library. The researcher recommended that application of computer technologies in reference services in university libraries should be encouraged as this would boost the morale of libraries and improve efficiency of librarians in providing current and timely information to their users.
- ItemApplication of Linear Programming in Profit Maximization (A Case Study of Crunches Fried Chicken at Miami Tours and Travel Hotel in Kabale District)(Kabale University, 2021) Tayebwa, OsbertThis project utilized the concept of the simplex method algorithm, an aspect of linear programming, to allocate raw materials to complete variables. The decision variables in the project work are the three different sizes of fried chicken (tomatoes, onions, and cooking oil) used in the production of fried chicken and the amount of raw materials required for each variable. It was observed that big fried chicken should be produced because it contributed objectively to the profit of the hotel.
- ItemApplication of Linear Programming in Profit Maximization: A Case Study of Crunches Fried Chicken at Miami Tours and Travel Hotel in Kabale District.(Kabale University, 2021) Tayebwa, OsbertThis project utilized the concept of simplex method algorithm; an aspect of linear programming to allocate raw materials to complete variables. The decision variables in the project work are the three different sizes of fried chicken on (tomatoes, onions and cooking oil) used in the production of fried chicken and amount of raw materials required for each variable. It was observed that big fried chicken should be produced because it contributed objectively to the profit of the hotel. V
- ItemAssessing Factors Contributing to Diarhoea Among Children Under Five Years in Kasese Municipal Council, Kasese District(Kabale University, 2021) Stephen, BagonzaDiarrhoea in children remains a major public health problem in Uganda and other countries in the region and is one of the leading contributors to child mortality. of the risk factors for diarrhea in children are preventable. This study was conducted to assess the factors contributing to the spread of diarrhoea among children under 5 years old in Kasese Municipality, Kasese District. Methodology: A descriptive study design was used, employing both quantitative and qualitative approaches, with 375 people as the sample size of mothers of children under five years of age. Results: All 375 study respondents were reached, hence the study achieved a response rate of a. implying that all the women who were presumed to have knowledge about diarrhea among children under 5 years were reached. (75%) of the respondents agreed that lack of knowledge about diarrhea has led to the spread of the disease among children under five years old, while 55.4% of the respondents agreed that the lack of provision of health services in Kasese Municipality has led to the spread of 'Diarrhoea. However, 56.1 % disagreed that too much distance to the health facilities cannot led to the spread of diarrhea among children under five (S) years, but a lack of trained health professionals could, as agreed by 47% of the respondents. This was an indication that the spread of diarrhea is heavily influenced by the healthcare system, which needs to be adequately supported with both qualified and experienced health professionals that can adequately serve. It was found that 81.1 percent of the respondents agreed that failure to wash hands before eating and after visiting the toilet causes diarrhea among children under five years; 68.9 percent agreed that lack of household information on health and sanitation causes diarrhea; and 64.1 percent agreed that failure of the caretakers to wash hands after changing napkins causes diarrhea.
- ItemAssessing the Effect of Health Insurance to Social Development of People in Rukomo-Nyagatare District-Rwanda.(Kabale University, 2014) Mutesi, GraceThis study was about assessing the effects of health insurance to the social development of people in Rukomo sector. Many theoretical models argued that health insurance protects households from health problems and associated costs. Using integrated household living condition survey data and qualitative data, i explored the effects of illness on households and whether they are prevented from impoverishment effects of health expenditure payments. In addition, i tested whether insured households were protected from dropping their children out of school as adjustment mechanisms when they face severe illness. The results suggested that health insurance has prevented consumptions disruption for insured people which would result from health problems. The findings are consistent with the impact of health insurance on poverty reduction and school dropping out whereby insured households were prevented from falling into poverty and dropping their children out of school following episodes of illness. These findings indicate that health insurance plays a crucial role in addressing issues preventing poor people to lead decent life.
- ItemAssessing the Effect of Plastic Granules on Mechanical Properties of Clay Soil for Road Subgrade.(Kabale University, 2022) Nasasira, EzraSoi I sta bi Ii zati on can be explained as the alteration of the soil properties by chemical or physical means in order to enhance the engineering quality of the soil. The objectives of the soil stabilization were to increase the bearing capacity of the soil, its resistance to weathering process and determination of optimum plastic granules to be used which was done by use of controlled compaction. This new technique of soil stabilization can be effectively used to meet the challenges of society, to reduce the quantities of waste, producing useful material from non-useful waste materials. Plastic granules were used as a reinforcement to carry out the standard proctor compaction and CBR tests while being mixed with clay soil to improve its mechanical properties. A series of Standard proctor tests and California Bearing Ratio (CBR) tests were carried out on randomly reinforced soil by varying percentages of plastic granules (0%, 3%, 6%, 9%, 12% and 15%) by the weight of dry soil. As these materials are non-biodegradable, they have considerable life and huge potential in providing solutions to complex engineering problems. Clay soil was classified as CH or A- 7-6(16)in accordance with Unified Soil Classification System and AASHTO on a plasticity chart. The experimental results have clearly shown a significant improvement in the MDD and reduction in optimum moisture content. Finally, there was an increase in CBR values with the increase of plastic granules addition and then started to decrease and of which the optimum CBR value was determined from the graph of CBR values against percentages of plastic granules and was found out to be 3.1at 11% plastic granules addition.
- ItemAssessing the Effect of Super Plasticizer on Scoria Concrete.(Kabale University, 2023) Turyasiima, RonaldThe objective of this research was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the use of scoria, in lightweight concretes. Coarse scoria of 5/10 and 10/20 mm were used. A portion of the aggregate mixtures had an average particle size B100 l m. Scoria are often used as the constituents of structural concrete and insulating materials. The usability of the concretes tested in this study broadens as the porosity of the mixtures decreased and the cement dosage increased. According to the cement dosage and frequency types, the absorption coefficients of concretes ranged from 0.14 to 0.47. A compressive strength of 19 MPa corresponded to a density of 1800 kg/m3; compressive strengths from 10 to 18 MPa mapped to densities ranging from 1300 to 1700 kg/m3. The thermal conductivity of mixed concretes without scoria reached a maximum value of 0.268 W/m K. The thermal conductivity values of the concretes mixed without sand were below 0.403 W/m K. As sand content increased, the conductivity evolved from 0.565 to 0.657 W/m K. Freeze–thaw stability tests were conducted for 400 cycles or until specimens deteriorated.
- ItemAssessing the Effect of Varying Temperature of Mixing Water on Properties of Concrete.(Kabale University, 2022) Muhumuza, MemoryThe aim of this research project is to assess the effect of mixing water temperature on properties of concrete. Locally available materials were used to obtain concrete cubes of 150mmx 1 50mmx 1 50mm) for every temperatures of7°C, 15°C, 22°C, 35°C and 40°C. The results of the compressive strength for both the 7days, 14days and 28days, it was observed that the compressive strength generally increases with the increase in temperatures of mixing water. It was also noticed that there was increase in the water absorption rate as temperatures increased from 7"C to 40"C of mixing water. There was increase in the density at low temperatures of 7C and 15"C of mixing water. It is observed that at higher temperatures of 35"C and 40"C the density of concrete declined. This therefore meant that the difference in densities was due to the difference in mixing water temperature. The study also revealed that mixing water temperature has a significant influence on the strength and workability.
- ItemAssessing the Effects of Land Use Practices and Environmental Conservation in Rubanda District: A Case Study of Hamurwa Sub-County.(Kabale University, 2020) Mutesigensi, SamuelThis study was focused on assessing the effects of land use practices and environmental conservation in Rubanda district. The study was guided by three objectives; to identify effects of land use practices on environmental conservation in Hamurwa sub-county Rubanda district, to establish policies/laws that govern land and environment in Hamurwa sub-county Rubanda district and to identify the activities that degrade the environment in Hamurwa sub-county Rubanda district. Data collection tools included questionnaires and interview guide which were used to collect data from 100 respondents mainly staff of Hamurwa sub-county, leaders and community members. Data analysis was done using Microsoft excel and the findings were presented in tables, charts and graphs. The study findings indicates that there were policies/laws that govern land and environment as they include; national land use policy with 14%, national environment Act with 20%, the land Act of 1998 with 10%, the Uganda national land policy 2013 with 16% and local policies or rules that govern land and environment with 40%. Majority of the respondents with 40% agreed that local policies or rules that govern land and environment were the major policy used by respondents from Hamurwa Sub-county Rubanda district. Findings of the study indicates that there were effects of land use practices on environment as they include; Good quality yields indicated by 18%, Increased Quantity yield or yield per acre presented by 20%, improved soil fertility presented by 36% and other factors with 26%. However majority of the respondents revealed that improved soil fertility with 36% was the most common effect affecting land use practices in Hamurwa sub-county Rubanda district. The study findings indicates that there were activities that degrades the environment which include; overpopulation with 16%, housing/settlement with 8%, land tenure with 4%, overgrazing with 12%, bush burning with 10%, over cultivation with 22%, mono cropping with 20% and other factors with 8%. However majority of the respondents revealed that over cultivation with 22% was the major activity that degrade the environment.
- ItemAssessing the Effects of Tourism Revenue Sharing to the Improved Livelihood to the Neighboring Communities of Bwindi: A Case Study of Uhoma Sector.(Kabale University, 2022) Mutungyirehi, DanThe purpose of this study was to assess the effects of tourism revenue sharing to the improved livelihood to the neighboring of communities of Bwindi. The study used both qualitative and quantitative approaches. The sample size of 178 respondents was used selected from a total population of 300. Purposive Sampling and simple random sampling were adopted for this study. Questionnaire and interviewing methods were used as data collections methods. The findings revealed that 81.9% of the respondents stated that they had benefited from revenue sharing scheme, while 18.1 % of the respondents stated that they had not benefited from revenue sharing. Findings therefore indicated that majority of the respondents had benefited from the revenue sharing. The study recommends that Uganda wildlife staff should always engage community political leaders, so that they involve other stake holders in conservation.
- ItemAssessing the Impact of Inflation on Household Consumption in Kisoro District: A Case Study of Ny Akabande Subcounty(Kabale University, 2021) Nzabanita, AlikanjeroThe study was about assessing the impact of inflation on household consumption in Nyakabande Sub county in Kisoro District and it was guided by the following study objectives; To establish the causes of inflation on household consumption in Nyakabande Sub County, To assess the effects of inflation on household consumption in Nyakabande Sub County and to explore the possible strategies to reduce the effects of inflation on household consumption in Nyakabande Sub County. The research design used was exploratory involving questionnaires and interview guides that were administered to the respondents to ascertain and explore the characteristics of variables understudy based on qualitative data from both primary and secondary sources. The researcher intended to explore more about unknown in the study area thus this design was advantageous in way that remarkable insights about the area was discovered. Basing on the qualitative research design that the researcher employed, simple random sampling was used to select respondents from two parishes of Nyakabande Sub County. The researcher wrote names continued put them in the basket and shook it thoroughly and then they picked any name at random. at was collected, using various methods and instruments of data collection such as questionnaires and interview guides. The questionnaire was pretested to determine the reliability and validity of the findings. Pretesting was done before the actual field study among 10 respondents immediately after collecting data; it was harnessed, organized and recorded accordingly. Similarly, responses were put together, regulated and sieved so that the right one was considered for the study as the unwanted ones were discarded under this section, different gadgets and methods were used to tabulate the information. The study revealed great causes of inflation on the household consumption in Nyakabande Sub County citing out several effects of inflation on socioeconomic welfare of households such as poor standards of living, destabilizing the economy among others. Finally, the study advanced some possible strategies to reduce on inflation effects on household consumption in Nyakabande Sub County such as infrastructural development, employment creation by the government and so on. Basing on the findings from the study, the researcher recommended further studies to be carried out on the cause of inflation or; household consumption should be carried to come out with enough and reliable information that can help to control inflation out before it circulates. Locals should consider the effects Gf inl1ation on their socioeconomic welfare detrimental and there, devise means to reduce them. In addition, the government should adopt stringent policies on inflation. Otherwise people will lost' trust and confidence it and this may breed social or political unrest or both.
- ItemAssessing the Impacts of Climate Change on Livelihoods in Rujumbura Rukungiri District.(Kabale University, 2021) Niwagaba, AlfredGlobally climate change effects are increasing and it affects the whole globe. Sub-Saharan Africa is more vulnerable and the most exposed to these effects. In most African countries including Uganda, agriculture is the leading source of livelihood and is the most affected sector. This study explored the impacts of climate change on the livelihood sources, the people’s perceptions and the adaptation and coping measures. The study was carried out in n the sub counties of Ruhinda, Buhunga, Nyakagyeme and Bugagari. In addition, the objectives of the study were: 1) to assess the impacts of climate change on peoples’ livelihoods, to analyze the perception of farmers about climate change impacts on peoples’ livelihoods, 3) to determine the adaptation measures used by people to reduce the climate change impacts on people’s livelihoods. The data was collected using interview guides and questionnaires, the respondents reported that climate change was due to deforestation, wetland degradation, and bush burning. The major livelihood sources of people in the areas were crop growing, livestock farming, trading activities and handcrafts like basket weaving. Drying of crops, water scarcity, increased crop pests, soil erosion and reduced yields are the most experienced impacts resulting from climate change. The most affected crops were beans, cassava, maize, banana, potatoes, coffee and rice. On the climate change perceptions, there has been increase in drought conditions, variations in seasons, increase in temperatures, decrease in rainfall, erratic rains and increased flooding conditions. Adaptation measures used by respondents were; early planting, changing the planting dates, crop diversifications, change in the crop varieties, rainwater harvest, and watering crops during drought. Meanwhile, livestock farmers reported shift grazing and change of local varieties as their mitigation actions to the climate change conditions. These challenges were limited capital to purchase improved agriculture technologies, limited skills and lack of enough government support. Recommendations of the study are the following: training the locals on the mitigation measures and extending credit facilities to enable farmers to access improved agriculture technologies.